بررسی تاثیر بستر کشت آلی و گیاهی و عنصر سیلیسیوم بر خصوصیات عملکرد و اجزا آن در توت فرنگی رقم سلوا (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch. cv. Selva) تحت کشت بدون خاک

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم باغبانی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 بخش تحقیقات خاک و آب، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اصفهان، ایران

3 گروه علوم باغبانی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر بستر کشت و عنصر سیلیسیوم بر عملکرد و اجزا آن در توت فرنگی رقم سلوا تحت کشت بدون خاک، در گلخانه مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان در سال 1397 انجام شد. آزمایش در قالب طرح اسپیلیت پلات بر پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در 3 تکرار تحت شرایط گلخانه اجرا گردید. تیمار اصلی بستر کشت در چهار سطح مخلوط حجمی شامل 50 درصد پرلیت و 50 درصد پیت ماس، 70 درصد پرلیت و 30 درصد پیت ماس، 50 درصد پرلیت و 50 درصد ورمی کمپوست و 70 درصد پرلیت و 30 درصد ورمی کمپوست و تیمار فرعی کاربرد سیلیسیوم در سه سطح (صفر، 50  و 100 میلی گرم در لیتر ) همراه با محلول غذایی در پای بوته­های توت فرنگی رقم سلوا اعمال شد. نتایج نشان داد که بستر ورمی کمپوست به دلیل افزایش شوری باعث کاهش معنی دار عملکرد و اجزا آن شد ولی تأثیر شوری روی صفات متفاوت بود. کاربرد سیلیسیوم با غلظت 50 میلی گرم در لیتر بیشترین مقدار عملکرد، تعداد کل میوه، تعداد برگ، شاخص کلروفیل، ویتامین ث و وزن تر و خشک ریشه و کمترین اسید میوه و گل بدون میوه را نسبت به شاهد داشت که تأثیر آن به­ترتیب 01/7، 91/4، 33/6، 64/3، 87/8، 9/4 ،9، 71/10، 67/4 درصد بیشتر از تیمار بدون کاربرد سیلیسیوم بود. با توجه به نتایج این آزمایش با کاربرد غلظت 50 میلی گرم در لیتر سیلیسیوم در محلول غذایی کشت بدون خاک توت فرنگی رقم سلوا می­توان بدون کاهش عملکرد به جای استفاده از بستر پیت ماس وارداتی با پرلیت از بستر ورمی کمپوست داخلی با پرلیت استفاده نمود.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of the Effects of Organic and Plant Culture Substrates and Silicon on Yield and Its Components in Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) Cultivar Selva under Soilless Culture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahsa Azizi yeganhe 1
  • Ali asghar Shahabi 2
  • Ali Ebadi 3
  • Vahid Abdoosi 1
1 Department of Horticulture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 . Soil and Water Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tehran University, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of culture substrate and silicon on yield and its components in strawberry cultivar Selva under soilless culture in the greenhouse of the Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center in 2019. This experiment was performed in split plots as arandomized complete block design with three replications under greenhouse conditions. The main treatment of culture substrate at four levels included 50% perlite and 50% peat moss, 70% perlite and 30% peat moss, 50% perlite, and 50% vermicompost, 70% perlite, and 30% vermicompost and sub-treatment included the application of silicon at three levels of (0, 50 and  100 mg / l) with plant nutrient solution in strawberry cultivar Selva. Evaluation of the results showed that the application of vermicompost substrate due to the increased salinity caused a significant reduction in yield and its components, but the effect of salinity on traits was different. Application of 50 mg / l of silicon caused the highest yield, total fruit number, number of leaves, chlorophyll index, vitamin C, and fresh and dry weight of roots as well as the lowest acidity of the fruit and fruitless flowers compared to the control, (by 7.01, 4.91, 6.33, 3.64, 8.87, 4.9, 9, 10.71, and 4.67% more than the treatment without application of silicon).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Culture substrate
  • Soilless culture
  • Silicon
  • strawberry
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