اثر برخی مواد نفتی بر آب‌گریزی خاک‌های با بافت مختلف

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 گروه مهندسی نفت، دانشکده مهندسی شیمی، نفت و گاز، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

آلاینده­های نفتی از مهم­ترین آلاینده­های خاک و محیط زیست به­ویژه در اطراف پالایشگاه­ها و مسیرهای­ انتقال نفت هستند که می­توانند بر بسیاری از ویژگی­های خاک موثر باشند. آبﮔﺮﯾﺰی، به­عنوان یکی از ویژگی­های مهم فیزیکی خاک نیز می­تواند در خاک­های مختلف به میزان­ متفاوتی تحت تاثیر آلاینده­های ﻧﻔﺘﯽ قرار گیرد. بنابراین این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثر کاربرد سطوح صفر، 5/1، 3 و 5/4 درصد نفت خام، نفت سفید و گازوئیل بر آب­گریزی ایستا (زاویه تماس تعادلی آب با خاک) و پویا (مدت زمان نفوذ قطره آب به خاک) در خاک­های لوم­رسی، شن­لومی و لوم­شنی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که میانگین آب­گریزی پویا در خاک­ شن­لومی به­طور معنی­داری به میزان 27 برابر بیشتر از خاک­های لوم­رسی و لوم­شنی و میانگین آب­گریزی ایستا در خاک­های شن­لومی و لوم­شنی به­طور معنی­داری به­ترتیب به میزان 7 و 1 درصد بیشتر از خاک لوم­رسی بود. همچنین میانگین آب­گریزی پویا در خاک­های تیمار شده با نفت سفید و گازوئیل در مقایسه با نفت خام به­طور معنی­داری به­ترتیب به میزان 100 و 96 درصد و میانگین آب­گریزی ایستا به­ترتیب به میزان 19 و 15 درصد کمتر بود. به­طور کلی مواد نفتی سبب افزایش معنی­دار آب­گریزی شدند و بیشینه مقادیر آب­گریزی در خاک­های تیمار­شده با نفت خام مشاهده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Some Petroleum Products on Water Repellency of Texturally Different Soils

نویسندگان [English]

  • Raziyeh Daryaee 1
  • Ali Akbar Moosavi 1
  • reza ghasemi 2
  • Masoud Riazi 3
1 Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of soil science, faculty of agriculture, shiraz university, shiraz, iran
3 Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Chemical, Petroleum, and Gas Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the most important soil and environmental pollutants, particularly around refineries and oil pipelines are oil pollutants which can affect on soil properties. Water repellency, as one of the important soil physical properties, can also be affected by different pollutants in different soils. Therefore, the aim of this study aimed is to evaluate the effect of 0, 1.5, 3, and 4.5% levels of crude oil, kerosene and gasoline on the static (soil-water contact angle) and dynamic (water droplet penetration time) water repellency in clay loam, loamy sand, and sandy loam soils. The results showed that the mean value of dynamic water repellency in loamy sand soil was significantly more than of clay loam and sandy loam soils by 27 times and the mean value of static water repellency in loamy sand and sandy loam soils was significantly more than of clay loam soil by 7% and 1%, respectively. Furthermore, the mean value of dynamic water repellency in soils treated with kerosene and gasoline were significantly lower than crude oil-treated soils by 100% and 96%, respectively and were respectively lower by 19% and 15% for the mean value of static water repellency. In general, petroleum products caused a significant increase in water repellency and the maximum value of water repellency was observed in the crude oil-treated soils.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Clay loam
  • Crude Oil
  • Gasoline
  • loamy sand
  • Sandy loam
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