Adriano, D. C. (2004). Trace elements in the terrestrial environment. Springer Verlag. New York; . 533p.
Alaboudi, K.A., Ahmed, B., and Brodie, G. (2018). Phytoremediation of Pb and Cd contaminated soils by using sunflower (Helianthus annuus) plant. Annals of agricultural sciences, 63(1), 123-127.
Ali Ehyaee, M., and Behbahanizadeh, A. A. (1993). Methods of Soil Chemical Analysis, Technical Bulletin, Soil and Water Research Institute, Iran., No:983. (In Farsi)
Aria, P., and Mirkhani, R. (2005). Methods of Soil Physical Analysis, Technical Bulletin, Soil and Water Research Institute. Iran.No:479. (In Farsi)
Cui, Y., Wang, Q., Dong, Y., Li, H., and Christie, P. (2004). Enhanced uptake of soil Pb and Zn by Indian mustard and winter wheat following combined soil application of elemental sulphur and EDTA. Plant and Soil. 261: 181–188.
Doumett, S., Lamperi, L., checchini, L., Azzarello, E., Mugnai, S., Mancuso, S., Petruzzelli, G., and Bubba, M.D. (2008). Heavy metal distribution between contaminated soil and paulownia tomentosa,in a pilot-scale assisted phytoremediation study: Influence of different complexing agents. Chemosphere. 72: 1481-1490.
Dushenkov, S., Kapulnik, Y., Blaylock, M., Sorochinsky, B., Raskin, I., and Ensley, B. (1997). Phytoremediation: a novel approach to an old problem. Global Environmental Biotechnology. 563–572.
Ebrahimi, M., and Shahsavand, F. (2014). EDTA Enhanced Phytoextraction Capacity of Scirpus Maritimus L. Grown on Pb-Cr Contaminated Soil and Associated Potential Leaching Risks. International Journal of Scientific Research in Environmental Sciences. 2(10): 379-388.
Emami, A. (1976). Methods of Plant Analysis, Technical Bulletin, Soil and Water Research Institute, Iran.No:982. (In Persian)
Gee, G.W., and Or, D. (2002). Particle-size analysis. In: Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 4 Physical Methods. SSSA Book Series, Madison, USA.
Ghasemi-Fasaei, R. (2012). Effects of EDTA and Phosphorus Levels on Lead Phytoremediation by Maize. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 4-23: 1786-1790.
Gonsior, S.J., Sorci, J.J., Zoellner, M.J., and Landenberger, B.D. (1997). The effects of EDTA on metal solubilization in river sediment/water systems. Journal of Environmental Quality. 26: 957-966.
Haag – Kerwer, A., Schafer, H.J., Heiss, S., Walter, C., and Rausch, T. (1999). Cadmium exposure in Brassica juncea
causes a decline in transpiration rate and leaf expansion without effect on photosynthesis. Journal of Experimental Botany
. 50(341): 1827-1835.
Hatamian, M., Rezaei Nejad, A., Kafi, M., Souri, M.K., and Shahbazi, K. (2020). Interaction of lead and cadmium on growth and leaf morphophysiological characteristics of European hackberry (Celtis australis) seedlings. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 7, 1-8.
Hong-qi, W., Si-jin, L., Hua, L., and Zhi-hua, Y. (2007). EDTA-enhanced phytoremediation of lead contaminated soil by Bidens maximowicziana. Journal of Environmental sciences, 19, 1496-1499.
Liu, D., Yang, T., Li, X., Islam, E., Jin, X., and Mahmood, Q. (2007). Enhancement of lead uptake by hyperaccumulator plant species Sedum alfredii Hance using EDTA and IAA. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination Toxicology. 78(3-4): 280–283.
Meers, E., Hopgood, M., Lesage, E., Vervaeke, P., Tack, F.M.G., and Verloo, M.G. (2004). Enhanced phytoextraction: in search of EDTA alternatives. International Journal Phytoremediation. 6(2): 95–109.
Meers, E., Ruttens, A., Hopgood, M.J., Samson, D., and Tack, F.M.G. (2005). Comparison of EDTA and EDDS as potential soil amendments for enhanced phytoextraction of heavy metals. Chemosphere. 58: 1011–1022.
Mirkhani, R., Saadat, S., Rezaei, H., Bagheri, Y.R. (2018). Effect of EDTA on Uptake of Lead and Cadmium by Canola. Applied Soil Research. 5(2): 52–65.
Motesharezadeh, B., and Savaghebi, G.H. (2012). Interaction between cadmium and lead and the effects of these on the concentration of zinc and manganese in sunflower. International Journal of Environmental Research, 6(3), 793-800.
Mwstefa, S.B. and Ahmed, I.T. (2019). Effect of Phosphorus Fertilization on Phytoremediation efficacy of Heavy Metals by Wheat and Bean Plants. ZANCO Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 31(5), 18-27.
Rasool, M., Anwar-ul-Haq, M., Jan, M., Akhtar, J., Ibrahim, M., and Iqbal, J. (2020). 27. Phytoremedial potential of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids against cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) toxicity. Pure and Applied Biology (PAB), 9(3), 1932-1945.
Ruilian, Y., Junfeng, J., Xuyin, Y., Yinxian, S., and Cheng W. (2012). Accumulation and translocation of heavy metals in the canola (Brassica napus L.)-soil system in Yangtze River Delta, China. Plant Soil. 353:33–45.
Saadat, S. (2013). Comparison of Natural Phytoremediation and Chemical Phytoextraction Methods for Polluted Soil Reclamation. Final Report of Research. Soil and Water Research Institute, Iran., No: 42765. (In Farsi)
Saffari, V.R., and Saffari, M. (2020). Effects of EDTA, citric acid, and tartaric acid application on growth, phytoremediation potential, and antioxidant response of Calendula officinalis L. in a cadmium-spiked calcareous soil. International journal of phytoremediation, 22(11), 1204-1214.
Saifullah, Ghafoor, A., and Qadir, M. (2009). Lead phytoextraction by wheat in response to the EDTA application method. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 11(3), 268-282.
Shakoor, M.B., Ali, S., Farid, M., Farooq M.A., Tauqeer H.M., Iftikhar U., Hannan F., and Bharwana S.A. (2013). Heavy metal pollution, a global problem and its remediation by chemically enhanced phytoremediation: A Review, Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. 3(3): 12-20.
Shtangeeva, I., Peramaki, P., Niemela, M., Kurashov, E., and Krylova, Y. (2018). Potential of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and pea (Pisum sativum) for remediation of soils contaminated with bromides and PAHs. International journal of phytoremediation, 20(6), 560-566.
Steele, M.C., and Pichtel, J. (1998). Ex- situ remediation of a metals contaminated superfund soil using selective extractants. Journal of Environmental Engineering
. 124(7): 639-64.
Sun,Y., Zhou, Q., Xu, Y., Wang, L., and Liang, X. (2011). The role of EDTA on cadmium phytoextraction in a cadmiumhyperaccumulator Rorippa globosa. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology. 3(3): 45-51.
Turan, M., and Esringu, A. (2007). Phytoremediation based on canola (Brassica napus L.) and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) planted on spiked soil by aliquot amount of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn. Plant Soil Environment. 53: 7–15.
Wu, L.H., Luo, Y.M., Xing, X.R., and Christie, P. (2004). EDTA-enhanced phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil with Indian mustard and associated potential leaching risk. Agrculture, Ecosystems, Environment. 102: 307–318.
Xiaohai, L., Yuntao, G., Khan, S., Gany, D., Aikui, C., Li, L., Lei, Z., Zhonghan, L., and Xuecan, W. (2008). Accumulation of pb, cu, and zn in native plants growing on contaminated sites and their potential accumulation capacity in Heqing, Yunnan. Journal of Environmental sciences. 20: 1469-1474.
Yang, J.Y., Yang, X.E., He, Z.L., Li, T.Q., Shentu, J.L., and Stoffella, P.J. (2006). Effects of pH, organic acids, and inorganic ions on lead desorption from soils. Environmental Pollution. 143(1): 9–15.
Zaier, H., Ghnaya, T., Ben, R.K., Lakhdar, A., Rejeb, S., and Jemal, F. (2010). Effects of EDTA on phytoextraction of heavy metals (Zn, Mn and Pb) from sludge-amended soil with Brassica napus. Bioresource Technology. 101: 3978–3983.