Aliasgharzade, N. (2010). Laboratory methods in soil biology. Tabriz University. Press, 522 p. (In Farsi)
Allen, K., Corre, M.D., Tjoa, A. and Veldkamp, E. (2015). Soil nitrogen-cycling responses to conversion of lowland forests to Oil Palm and Rubber Plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia. PloS one, 10(7):1-21.
, M. (2020). The effect of forest degradation and land cover change on dynamic of soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization in the Hyrcanian region. MSc. Dissertation, Tarbiat Modares University, 155 pp. (In Farsi)
Benítez, M., Lacasta, C., Maire, N. and Meco, R. (2006). Effect of different fertilization management on productivity and soil biochemical parameters in a dry land cereal system. Tierras de Castilla y León. Agriculture (España), 129: 54-66.
Bini, D., Dos Santos, C.A., Bouillet, J.P., de Morais Goncalves, J.L. and Cardoso, E.J.B.N. (2013). Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium in monoculture and intercropped plantations: evolution of soil and litter microbial and chemical attributes during early stages of plant development. Applied Soil Ecology, 63(4): 57-66.
Celik, I. (2005). Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research, 83(5): 270-277.
Cheng, F., Peng, X., Zhao, P., Yuan, J., Zhong, C., Cheng, Y. and Zhang, S. (2013). Soil microbial biomass, basal respiration and enzyme activity of main forest types in the Qinling Mountains. PloS one, 8(6): 1-12.
Huang, J., Wang, X. and Yan, E. (2007). Leaf nutrient concentrations, nutrient desorption and litter decomposition in an evergreen broad-leaved forest in Eastern China. Forest Ecology and Management, 239(5): 150-158.
Jafari Haghighi, M. (2003). Soil analysis methods (sampling and important physical and chemical analysis). Nedaye Zohi Publication, 236p. (In Farsi)
Kia, S. (2018). Dynamic of seasonal some soil chemical properties in the forest habitats of Golband Nowshahr. MSc. Dissertation, Islamic Azad University, 98 pp. (In Farsi)
Kooch, Y. and Noghre, N. (2020). Nutrient cycling and soil-related processes under different land covers of semi-arid rangeland ecosystems in northern Iran. Catena, 193(4):1-9.
Kooch, Y. and Zoghi, Z. (2014). Comparison of soil fertility of Acer insigne, Quercus castanefolia, and Pinus brutia in the Hyrcanian Forest of Iran. Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology, 20(4): 899-905.
Kooch, Y., Moghimian, N., Wirth, S. and Noghre, N. (2020). Effects of grazing management on leaf litter decomposition and soil microbial activities in northern Iranian rangeland. Geoderma, 361(6): 1-11.
Kumari, M., Chakraborty, D., Gathala, M.K., Pathak, H., Dwivedi, B.S., Tomar, R.K. and Ladha, J.K. (2011). Soil aggregation and associated organic carbon fractions as affected by tillage in rice – wheat rotation in North India. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 75(2): 560-567.
Li, M., Zhou, X., Zhang, Q. and Cheng, X. (2014). Consequences of afforestation for soil nitrogen dynamics in Central China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 183(4): 40–46.
Li, W., Zheng, Z., Li, T., Zhang, X., Wang, Y., Yu, H., He, S. and Liu, T. (2015). Effect of tea plantation age on the distribution of soil organic carbon fractions within water-stable aggregates in the hilly region of Western Sichuan, China. Catena, 133(4): 198-205.
Liu, Y., Wei, X., Guo, X., Niu, D., Zhang, J., Gong, X. and Jiang, Y. (2012). The long-term effects of reforestation on soil microbial biomass carbon in sub-tropic severe red soil degradation areas. Forest Ecology and Management, 285(8): 77-84.
Mandal, D., Singh, R., Dhyani, S.K. and Dhyani, B.L. (2010). Landscape and land use effects on soil resources in a Himalayan Watershed. Catena, 81(3): 203–208.
Mao, R., Zeng, D.H., Yan, A.G., Yang, D., Li, L.J. and Liu, Y.X. (2010). Soil microbiological and chemical effects of a nitrogen-ﬁxing shrub in poplar plantations in semi-arid region of Northeast China. European Journal of Soil Biology, 46(3): 325-329.
Marvi-Mohajer, M.R. (2005). Silviculture. University of Tehran Press. 385p. (In Farsi)
Melillo, J.M., Steudler, P.A., Aber, J.D., Newkirk, K., Lux, H., Bowles, F.P., Catricala, C., Magill, A., Ahrens, T. and Morrisseau, S. (2002). Soil warming and carbon-cycle feedbacks to the climate system. Science, 298(8): 2173-2176.
Meyfroidt, P., Phuong, V.T. and Anh H.V. (2013). Trajectories of deforestation, coffee expansion and displacement of shifting cultivation in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Global Environmental Change, 23(5):1187-1198.
Moghimian, N., Hosseini, S.M., Kooch, Y. and Zarei, B. (2018) The effects of disturbance caused by land use change on the dynamics of topsoil earthworm's activity, nematodes and carbon dioxide emission in the Nowshahr region (Case study: Gerdekoh-Safak). Journal of Soil and Water Research, 49(4): 915-924. (In Farsi)
Moscatelli, M.C., Tizio, A.D., Marinari, S. and Grego, S. (2007). Microbial indicators related to soil carbon in Mediterranean land use systems. Soil and Tillage Research, 97(1): 51-59.
Noghre, N. (2020). The effect of vegetation cover changes on labile fractions of organic matter and soil micro biome of Central Alborz Rangelands. MSc. Dissertation, Tarbiat Modares University, 143 pp. (In Farsi)
Ollinger, S.V., Smith, M.L., Martin, M.E., Hallett, R.A., Goodale, C.L. and Aber, J.D. (2002). Regional variation in foliar chemistry and N cycling among forests of diverse history and composition. Ecology, 83(2): 339-355.
Pang, D., Wang, G., Li, G., Sun, Y., Liu, Y. and Zhou, X. (2018). Ecological stoichiometric characteristics of two typical plantations in the Karst Ecosystem of Southwestern China. Forests, 12(5): 236-242.
Pasha, R. (2019). Study of vegetation types in Zanoos area of Nowshahr. MSc. Dissertation, Islamic Azad University, 105 pp. (In Farsi)
Pe´rez-Suarez, M., Arredondo-Moreno, J.T., Huber-Sannwald, E. and Vargas-Hernandez, J. J. (2009). Production and quality of senesced and green litter fall in a pine-oak forest in central northwest Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management, 258 (5): 1307-1315.
Qi, G., Wang, Q., Zhou, W., Ding, H., Wang, X., Qi, L. and Dai, L. (2011). Moisture effect on carbon and nitrogen mineralization in topsoil of Shanghai Mountain, Northeast China. Journal of Forest Science, 57(8): 340-348.
Schoenholtz, S.H., Van Miegroet, H. and Burger, J.A. (2000). A review of chemical and physical properties as indicators of forest soil quality: challenges and opportunities. Forest Ecology and Management, 138(7): 335-356.
Sotomayor-Ramírez, D. and Espinoza, Y. (2010). Soil aggregation and organic carbon fractions in the Río Grande de Arecibo watershed. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 94(2): 25-39.
Tang, T., Sun, X., Luo, Z., He, N. and Sun, O.J. (2018). Effects of temperature, soil substrate, and microbial community on carbon mineralization across three climatically contrasting forest sites. Ecology and Evolution, 8(2): 879–891.
Teimouri, M., Khoshnevis, M., Matinizadeh, M. and Rahman, A. (2015). Investigation and comparison of bacterial population involved in damaged and undamaged areas of beech forest. Journal of Plant Research, 28(3): 499-509. (In Farsi)
Thomas, K.D. and Prescott, C.E. (2000). Nitrogen availability in forest floors of three tree species on the same site: the role of litter quality. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30(8): 1698-1706.
Vance, E.D. and Chapin, F.S. (2001). Substrate limitations to microbial activity in Taiga forest floors. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33(2): 173-188.
Wang, Q.K. and Wang, S.L. (2006). Microbial biomass in subtropical forest soils: effect of conversion of natural secondary broad-leaved forest to Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation. Journal of Forestry Research, 17(3): 197-200.
Wu, W.B., Peng, Y.A., Tang, H. J., Ongaro, L. and Ryosuke, S. (2007). Regional variability of the effects of land use systems on soil properties. Agricultural Sciences in China, 6(2): 1369-1375.
Xu, Z., Chang, Y., Li, L., Luo, Q., Xu, Z., Li, X. and Wang, Y. (2018). Spatial estimation of soil carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry in complex terrains: a case study of Schrenk's spruce forest in the Tianshan Mountains. Biogeosciences Discussions, 1-27.
Yan, E.R., Wang, X.H., Huang, J.J., Li, G.Y. and Zhou, W. (2008). Decline of soil nitrogen mineralization and nitrification during forest conversion of evergreen broad-leaved forest to plantations in the Subtropical Area of Eastern China. Biogeochemistry, 89(2): 239–251.
Zeng, L., Liu-Yi, X., Jun-Hui, Z. and Qian-Feng, G. (2020). Effect of the characteristics of surface cracks on the transient saturated zones in colluvial soil slopes during rainfall. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 79(3): 699-709.
Zeng, Y., Fang, X., Xiang, W., Deng, X. and Peng, C. (2017). Stoichiometric and nutrient resorption characteristics of dominant tree species in subtropical Chinese forests. Ecology and Evolution, 7(2):11033–11043.
Zhang, D., Wang, C., Li, X., Yanga, X., Zhao, L., Liua, L., Zhua, C. and Lia, R. (2018). Linking plant ecological stoichiometry with soil nutrient and bacterial communities in apple orchards. Applied Soil Ecology, 126(2): 1–10.
Zhao, Zh., Wei, X., Wang, X., Ma, T., Huang, L., Gao, H., Fan, J., Li, X. and Jia, X. (2019). Concentration and mineralization of organic carbon in forest soils along a climatic gradient. Forest Ecology and Management, 432(4): 246-255.