اثر مصرف همزمان زغال زیستی (بیوچار) پوسته برنج و کود سولفات روی بر عملکرد، اجزای عملکرد برنج (Oryza sativa L.) رقم هاشمی و برخی خصوصیات شیمیایی خاک

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار موسسه تحقیقات برنج کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، رشت، ایران

2 دکتری زراعت موسسه تحقیقات برنج کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تنکابن، ایران

چکیده

کاربرد همزمان زغال زیستی و کودهای شیمیایی فناوری نوینی است که ضمن حفظ پایداری در سیستم­های تولید، به دوستداری محیط­زیست، به افزایش حاصلخیزی خاک، کارایی مصرف کود و در نتیجه به افزایش تولید پایدار برنج کمک شایانی می­کند. با این حال کاربرد زغال زیستی و کودهای حاوی روی ندرتاً در کانون توجه بوده است. بنابراین پژوهش مزرعه­ای حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر مصرف همزمان زغال زیستی پوسته برنج و روی بر عملکرد برنج رقم هاشمی و خصوصیات شیمیایی خاک به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی 1398 در مزرعه­های پژوهشی موسسه تحقیقات برنج کشور در رشت و ایستگاه تحقیقات برنج تنکابن انجام شد. فاکتورهای آزمایش شامل زغال زیستی در سه سطح (عدم مصرف، 20 و 40 تن در هکتار) و کود سولفات روی نیز در سه سطح (صفر، 10 و 20 کیلوگرم روی در هکتار) بود. بیشترین ارتفاع بوته (33/144 سانتی­متر)، بیشترین تعداد دانه پر در خوشه (65/81 عدد)، حداکثر وزن هزار دانه (با میانگین 37/32 گرم)، بیشترین عملکرد دانه با میانگین 4112 کیلوگرم در هکتار، متعلق به تیمار 40 تن در هکتار زغال زیستی بود. همچنین بیشترین عملکرد دانه با میانگین 2/4220 کیلوگرم در هکتار متعلق به تیمار کاربرد 20 کیلوگرم کود سولفات روی در هکتار (13 درصد افزایش) بود. مصرف 40 تن در هکتار زغال زیستی پوسته برنج به همراه 20 کیلوگرم در هکتار سولفات روی 22 درصد به‌طور معنی‌داری مقدار فسفر قابل‌جذب، پتاسیم قابل‌جذب و روی قابل‌جذب را به ترتیب تا دو برابر، 15/43 درصد و سه برابر افزایش داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Simultaneous Application Effect of Rice Husk Biochare and Zinc Sulfate Fertilizer on Yield, Yield Components of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Hashemi Cultivar and Some Soil Chemical Properties

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahram MahmoudSoltani 1
  • Abouzar Abbasian 2
1 Assistant Professor, Rice Research Institute of Iran, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension, Rasht, Iran
2 Ph.D. of Agronomy, Rice Research Institute of Iran, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Simultaneous application of biochar and chemical fertilizers has been shown to be a new sustainable and environmental friendly technology for the improvement of soil fertility, nutrient use efficiency and rice crop yield. However, simultaneous application of biochar and zinc have been rarely studied. Therefore, the current field study was conducted to investigate the effects of rice husk biochar and Zn-fertilizer applications on rice yield and the most important chemical properties of soils through factorial in randomized complete block design with three replications at farm stations of rice research institute of Iran, Rasht and Tonekabon in 2019. The experimental factors were biochar at three levels (0, 20 and 40 tha-1) and zinc at three levels (0, 10 and 20 kg ha-1). The highest plant height (144/33 cm), filled grain per panicle (81.65), 1000 grain weight (32.37 g) and grain yield (4112 kg ha-1) were recorded at 40 tha-1 biochar treatment. Moreover, the maximum grain yield with average of 4220 kg ha-1 was observed at 20 kg ha-1 Zn sulfate treatment (13% more than the control). The application of 40 tha-1 biochar of rice husks and 20 kg ha-1 Zn significantly increased the available P, K and Zn by about 2 times, 43.15% and 3 times, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biochar
  • Phosphorous
  • potassium
  • Zinc
  • Local varieties
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