بررسی توان جذب و انتقال کادمیم در سه نوع گیاه زینتی برای پالایش خاک‎های آلوده به کادمیم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه خاکشناسی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، ایران

2 گروه باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ابهر، زنجان، ایران.

3 گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

چکیده

اصلاح خاک‎های آلوده به فلزات سنگین با استفاده از گیاهان زینتی، راهکار مناسبی برای پالایش خاک‎های آلوده به‎ویژه در مناطق شهری است. به‎منظور بررسی توانایی گیاهان زینتی در پالایش خاک‎های آلوده، آزمایشی با شش سطح کادمیم (صفر، 5، 10، 20، 40 و mg/kg 80) و سه گونه گیاه زینتی (همیشه بهار، تاج خروس و آفتابگردان زینتی) با سه تکرار در گلخانه انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که با افزایش سطوح کادمیم، غلظت آن در گیاهان نیز افزایش می‎یابد، به‎طوری که بیشترین غلظت کادمیم در بخش هوایی همیشه بهار و کمترین آن در بخش هوایی آفتابگردان زینتی به‎دست آمد که اختلافی برابر با %2/50 داشتند. ولی بیشترین غلظت کادمیم در ریشه تاج خروس و کمترین آن در ریشه همیشه بهار مشاهده شد که اختلافی برابر با %2/4 داشتند. جذب کادمیم در بخش هوایی همیشه بهار حداقل به‎میزان %63/27 بیشتر از دو گونه گیاهی دیگر بود. در گیاه همیشه بهار، شاخص کلروفیل و تعداد گل به‎ترتیب نسبت به سایر گیاهان حداقل به‎میزان %3/17 و %34 بیشتر بود. فاکتور انتقال گیاه تاج خروس برابر با یک و فاکتور انتقال همیشه بهار (5/0) و آفتابگردان زینتی (3/0) کمتر از یک گزارش شد ولی فاکتور تجمع‎زیستی برای هر سه گونه گیاهی بیشتر از یک بود. با توجه به مقادیر جذب کادمیم و غلظت بالای آن در بخش هوایی همیشه بهار و شاخص‎های زیبایی (سبزینگی و تعداد گل) و زیست‎توده بالای این گیاه، همیشه بهار برای پالایش خاک‎های آلوده به کادمیم توصیه می‎گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Cadmium Uptake and Transfer Ability of Three Ornamental Plants for Remediation of Cadmium Contaminated Soils

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Golchin 1
  • Leila Mosalla 2
  • Nader Khadem Moghadam Igdelou 3
1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
2 Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Abhar Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.
3 department of soil science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The remediation of heavy metal in contaminated soils using ornamental plants presents a suitable solution for decontamination, especially in urban areas. In order to investigate the ability of ornamental plants to refine contaminated soils, an experiment was conducted in the greenhouse using six levels of soil cadmium (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg), three species of ornamental plants (Calendula officinalis L., Helianthus annuus L., and Celosia argentea L.) and three replications. The results showed with increasing cadmium levels in the soil, cadmium concentration in the plant tissues increases, so that, the highest and the lowest concentrations of cadmium were measured in the shoot of Calendula officinalis L. and Helianthus annuus L. respectively with a difference of 50.2%. However, the highest and the lowest cadmium concentration in the root were found in the Helianthus annuus L. and Calendula officinalis L., respectively with a difference level of 4.2%. The cadmium uptake of the shoot in Calendula officinalis L. was at least 27.63% more than those in the other species. The chlorophyll index of the leaf and the number of flowers in Calendula officinalis L. were respectively 17.33% and 34% more than those in the other species. The translocation factor of Celosia argentea L. was equal to one (1.0) and those of Calendula officinalis L. and Helianthus annuus L. were less than one (0.5 and 0.3), but the bioconcentration factors for all species were found to be more than one. With respect to high cadmium uptake, high cadmium concentration of shoot, high biomass and high beauty indices (chlorophyll index and the number of flowers) of the Calendula officinalis L., this species is recommended for remediation of cadmium contaminated soils.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ornamental plant
  • remediation
  • transfer factor
  • uptake
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