برآورد ارقام مرجع نظام تلفیقی تشخیص و توصیه برای ارزیابی وضعیت تغذیه‌ای پیاز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مسئول ازمایشگاه بخش خصوصی

2 رئیس دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

نظام تلفیقی تشخیص و توصیه می­تواند به­عنوان روشی مؤثر در تفسیر نتایج تجزیه گیاه در محصولات زراعی و باغی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد. برای تعیین ارقام مرجع این نظام در پیاز (Allium cepa L.) نمونه­های برگ از 50 مزرعه جمع­آوری و غلظت عناصر غذایی N، P، K، Ca، Mg، Fe، Mn، Zn، Cu و B تعیین شدند. با توجه به عملکرد محصول، مزارع به دو گروه با عملکرد زیاد و کم تقسیم شدند. ارقام نظام تلفیقی تشخیص و توصیه  برای نسبت­های مختلف عناصر غذایی تعیین و شاخص­های نظام تلفیقی تشخیص و توصیه که در ارزیابی تعادل عناصر غذایی و اولویت­بندی کمبود و بیش بود عناصر غذایی در گیاه مورد استفاده قرار می­گیرند، محاسبه شدند. از لحاظ میانگین شاخص­های این نظام، ترتیب نیاز غذایی برای عناصر پر مصرف به صورت Ca> K> P> Mg> N و برای عناصر کم مصرف Cu > Mn > B > Zn > Fe برای مزارع با عملکرد کم بدست آمد. دامنه کفایت غلظت عناصر غذایی پر مصرف و کم مصرف با استفاده از روش نظام تلفیقی تشخیص و توصیه تعیین گردید. دامنه کفایت برای غلظت عناصر غذایی پر­مصرف N، P، K، Ca، Mg به­ترتیب 68/3-9/2، 39/0-21/0، 4/6-7/3، 6/2-38/1 و 33/0-23/0 درصد و برای عناصر غذایی کم­مصرف Fe، Zn، Mn، Cu و B به­ترتیب 154-86، 32-9، 65-44، 18-9 و 35-23 میلی­گرم بر کیلوگرم بودند. همچنین شاخص­های تعادل تغذیه­ای نظام تلفیقی تشخیص و توصیه در کلیه مزارع با عملکرد کم خیلی بیشتر از صفر بود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Norms establishment of the Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) for nutritional diagnosis of Onion (Allium cepa L) in Western Azarbaijan Provice, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • mina feyzizadeh 1
  • Abbas Samadi 2
چکیده [English]

Diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS) can be used as efficient methods to interpret the results of plant analysis and the nutritional diagnosis in crops and fruit trees. To establish DRIS norms in onion (Allium cepa L) leaf samples were collected from 50 fields and N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu and B concentrations were determined. On the bases of yield, the studied fields were divided into two groups low and high yield groups. DRIS norms were established for the different nutrient ratios. DRIS indices were calculated to evaluate nutrients balances and order of nutrients requirements. On the bases Means of DRIS indexs, the respective for requiremen of nutrients were Ca>K>P>Mg>N for macro nutrients and Cu>Mn>B>Zn>Fe for micro nutrients. Sufficiency ranges of macro and micro nutrients were derived by DRIS technique. DRIS-derived sufficiency ranges were 2.9-3.68, 0.21-0.39, 3.7-6.4, 1.38-2.6 , 0.23-0.33 % for N, P, N, Ca, Mg, and 86-154, 9-32, 44-65, 9-18, 23-35 mg/kg for Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, B respectively. The nutrient balance index (NBI) of DRIS was much more than zero in all low-yielding farms.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nutrient balabnce index
  • Plant analysis
  • Sufficiency range
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