عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Many analytical methods proposed for solving two-dimensional problems of groundwater are concerned with functions which transform the problem from a geometric status, where solution must be found, to another status in which the solutions are known. Conformal mapping and its appropriate techniques allow us to change complex flow problems into regular geometric shapes. Throughout the present paper, an analytical solution is provided for estimating uplift pressure in alluvial foundations below dams. In the present study, velocity Hodograph and Schwartz -Christoffel integrals are employed to determine the uplift pressure in alluvial foundations within different depths and sizes of sheet pile and upstream blanket. An important point in this study is the asymmetric insertion of blanket relative to sheet pile along the longitudinal path. Finally, the results obtained through this method us the ones of laboratory methods were compared to assess the accuracy of analytical results and to critically discuss the strengths vs weaknesses. The results indicate that in some cases new analytical method underestimates uplift pressure while in some circumstances there exists a good agreement between the two.