مدل تصمیم مبتنی بر نشانگرهای پایداری برای مدیریت منابع آب زیرزمینی (به‌کارگیری در مطالعه موردی دشت نمدان واقع در استان فارس)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی و مدیریت آب، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی و مدیریت آب، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

10.22059/ijswr.2022.334895.669149

چکیده

بشریت به دلیل کمبود آب شیرین، پایین بودن کیفیت آن و افزایش تنش آبی در سراسر جهان در معرض تهدید است. مدیریت صحیح منابع آب برای حصول اطمینان از توسعه اجتماعی و اقتصادی پایدار در هر کشوری بسیار مهم است. به‌منظور حفظ منابع آب شیرین به‌صورت پایدار، باید از آنها به شیوه‎ای کارآمد و بدون به خطر انداختن نیازهای نسل آینده استفاده کرد. مطالعه حاضر به‌منظور مدیریت پایدار منابع آب زیرزمینی انجام شده است. بدین منظور چهار نشانگر آسیب‌پذیری، تاب‌آوری، قابلیت اطمینان و پایداری ترکیبی که هرکدام جنبه‌هایی از پایداری را در برمی‌گیرند به‌عنوان تابع هدف مسائل مدیریتی مورداستفاده قرار گرفته‌اند. با استفاده از مدل تلفیقی شبیه‌سازی - بهینه‌سازی آبخوان دشت نمدان و الگوریتم فراکاوشی جامعه مورچه‌ها، مدل تصمیم موردنیاز ایجاد شد. نتایج حاکی از اثربخشی چهار نشانگر آسیب‌پذیری، تاب‎آوری، قابلیت اطمینان و پایداری ترکیبی در افزایش سطح آب زیرزمینی و تغییرات مثبت بیلان بوده است؛ طوری که تغییرات ذخیره آبخوان تحت اجرای هر سناریو به ترتیب 7/11، 13، 3/12 و 4/12 میلیون مترمکعب شده است. باتوجه‌به نتایج کسب شده از چهار مسئله مدیریتی که در این مطالعه مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت، بیشترین اثرگذاری بر روی بهبود آبخوان با کاهش قابل‌توجه پمپاژ از چاه‌ها برآورده می‌شود و بایستی تمهیداتی در سطح آبخوان به‌منظور کاهش برداشت‌ها در نظر گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Decision Model Based on Sustainability Indicators for Groundwater Resources Management (Application to the Case Study of Namdan Plain Located in Fars Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzaneh Khanmohammadi 1
  • Hamed Ketabchi 2
1 Department of Water Engineering and Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Water Engineering and Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Human is under threat due to the shortage of fresh water, its deteriorating quality, and rising water stress around the world. Proper management of water resources is very important to ensure the sustainable social and economic development in any country in the world. In order to sustain freshwater resources, they must be used efficiently without compromising the needs of future generations. The present study was conducted to ensure the sustainable management of groundwater resources. For this purpose, four indicators of vulnerability, resilience, reliability, and combined stability, each of which includes aspects of sustainability, were used as the objective function of management issues. Using the combined simulation-optimization model of Namdan plain aquifer and the ant colony optimization algorithm, a decision model was created. The results indicate the effectiveness of four indicators of vulnerability, resilience, reliability and combined stability to increase groundwater level and positive changes of water storage. So that the aquifer storage change under each scenario was 11.7, 13, 12.3 and 12.4 million cubic meters, respectively. According to the results obtained from four management issues, analyzed in this study, the most important effect in improving the aquifer with a significant reduction in pumping from well while the such reduction should be measured at the aquifer level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Groundwater
  • Sustainability indicator
  • simulation-optimization
  • Sustainable management
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