بررسی تأثیرنانو اکسید سیلیسیوم پوشش‌داده شده با اسیدهیومیک برعملکرد، ترکیب یونی و تحمل به شوری سیاه‌دانه(Nigella sativa L.)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی پژوهش گروه گلخانه، بخش تحقیقات خاک و آب(دانشکده)، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان سازمان تحقیقات آموزش

2 گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه شیمی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران

4 استادیار پژوهش گروه گیاهان دارویی، بخش تحقیقات منابع طبیعی(دانشکده)، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان سازمان

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر نانواکسید سیلیسیوم پوشیده با اسید هیومیک (نانوذره پوشش‌دار) برعملکرد، ترکیب یونی و تحمل به شوری گیاه سیاه‌دانه، این پژوهش در سال زراعی 97-1396 انجام شد. آزمایش در قالب طرح اسپیلیت پلات برپایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در 4 تکرار در شرایط گلخانه‌ اجرا گردید. تیمار اصلی شوری در 3 سطح شامل 2، 5/3 و 5 دسی زیمنس بر متر با آب آبیاری و تیمارفرعی نانواکسید سیلیسیوم (نانوذره) شامل شاهد (بدون مصرف نانوذره)، نانوذره بدون پوشش (غلظت  5/0 گرم در لیتر) و نانوذره پوشش‌دار )غلظت  5/0 گرم در لیتر( دردو مرحله چند برگی (15 روز پس از کاشت نشاء) و گلدهی (50 روز پس از کاشت نشا) در آب آبیاری اعمال شد. نتایج نشان داد که عملکرد و اجزا آن با افزایش شوری کاهش معنی‌دار داشتند، ولی تأثیر شوری روی آنها متفاوت بود. کاربرد نانوذره پوشش‌دار باعث افزایش معنی‌دار صفات وزن دانه، وزن خشک اندام هوایی، وزن خشک ریشه، تعداد کپسول بالغ، تعداد دانه در متر مربع، شاخص برداشت و رطوبت نسبی برگ و کاهش معنی‌دار نشت یونی نسبت به شاهد شد و تاثیر آن به ترتیب 9/18، 9/8، 7/23، 24، 9/15، 5/10، 7/20 و 1/18 درصد بیشتر از نانوذره بدون پوشش بود. علاوه بر این باعث افزایش جذب عناصر غذایی از جمله نیتروژن، پتاسیم و کلسیم  در برگ گردید. لذا با توجه به نتایج آزمایشات، پوشش نانواکسید سیلیسیوم توسط اسیدهیومیک، می‏تواند تاثیر نانوذره فوق را بر شاخص‌های تحمل به شوری و صفات کمی و کیفی سیاه‌دانه تحت شرایط شوری افزایش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Coated Nanosilicon Oxide with Humic Acid on Yield, Ion Composition and Salinity Tolerance of Black Cumin(Nigella sativa L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Molahoseini 1
  • mohmmad feizian 2
  • Ebrahim Mehdi Pour 3
  • Saeid Davazdah Emami 4
1 Research Instructor Greenhouse Group, Soil and Water Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Isfahan, Iran,
2 Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University ,Lorestan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran
4 Assistant Professor of Medicinal Plants group, Natural Resource Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research,Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of coated nanosilicon oxide with humic acid (coHA-nSi) on yield, ion composition and salt tolerance of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) in 2017-2018. The experiment was performed in the form of split-plot based on Randomized Complete Block Design with four replicates under greenhouse condition. The main plot was salinity levels including 2 (control), 3.5 and 5 dS/m. The sub plots was SiO2-nanoparticles including Control (without nanosilicon oxide), uncoated nanosilicon oxide (0.5 g/l) and coated nanosilicon oxide (0.5 g/l) which were applied in multi leave stage (15 days after planting) and flowering stages (50 days after planting). The results demonstrated that the salinity stress decreased yield and its compouents significantly. The application of coated nano silicon oxide increased significantly the seed weight (18.9%) and biomass dry weight (8.9%), dry root weight (23.7), number of capsules (24%) and number of seed (15.9%), harvest index (10.5%) and relative leaf moisture content (20.7%) and decreased significantly the ionic leakage (IL, 18.1%) compared to the uncoated nanoparticles. Also, it increased the uptake of leaf nutrients such as nitrogen, potassium and calcium. Therefore, it is concluded that the silicon nanooxide coated with humic acid could increase the effect of this nanoparticle on salinity tolerance indices, quantitative and qualitative traits of black seed under saline conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Coated nanoparticles
  • Humic Acid
  • medicinal plants
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