بررسی آزمایشگاهی استهلاک انرژی در حوضچه آرامش با بستر متحرک بالادست صفحه مشبک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه مراغه، مراغه، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه مراغه، مراغه، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه مراغه، مراغه، ایران

چکیده

 صفحات مشبک سازه­هایی با نسبت تخلخل معین هستند که به صورت عمود در مسیر جریان فوق بحرانی قرار گرفته و باعث استهلاک انرژی جریان و تثبیت پرش هیدرولیکی می­شوند. در این بررسی، استهلاک انرژی ناشی از پرش ­هیدرولیکی و صفحه مشبک بصورت آزمایشگاهی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. متغیرهای مهم این تحقیق عبارت اند از: (i) عدد فرود جریان فوق بحرانی در بازه 5/3 تا 8؛ (ii) پنج نمونه دانه­های بستر با قطر متوسط 1/4 تا 24 میلیمتر؛ (iii) صفحه مشبک با تخلخل 40 و 50 درصد. در این تحقیق،  تغییرات استهلاک انرژی در مقابل عدد فرود جریان فوق بحرانی، میزان مشارکت صفحه مشبک و پرش­ هیدرولیکی در استهلاک انرژی، تاثیر تخلخل بر روی استهلاک انرژی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. همچنین برای محاسبه استهلاک انرژی در پایین­دست صفحه مشبک روابطی ارائه شده و نتایج با تحقیقات گذشته مقایسه شده است. نتایج نشان داد که عدد فرود جریان فوق بحرانی تاثیر زیادی بر استهلاک انرژی دارد. همچنین تاثیر پارامتر­های بدون بعد اندازه دانه­ها و بیشینه عمق آبشستگی بر استهلاک انرژی ناچیز و قابل چشم­پوشی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Experimental Study of Energy Dissipation in the Stilling Basin with Movable Bed in the Upstream of Screens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rasoul Daneshfaraz 1
  • Sina Sadeghfam 2
  • Omar Minaei 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran.
3 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Screens are lattice plates with certain porosity arranged vertically in the supercritical flow inducing energy dissipation and hydraulic jump stabilization. In this study, energy dissipation due to Hydraulic jump and Screens are investigated experimentally. The main variables of the study are: (i) the Froude number of supercritical flow (FrA) in the 3.5-8 range; (ii) five samples of bed grains with a median diameter of 4.1-24 mm; (iii) screen with 40% and 50% porosities. The results from the study clarified change energy dissipation pit against supercritical Froude number, the participation of Screen and hydraulic jump in energy dissipation and the effect of porosity on energy dissipation. Also, to calculate the energy dissipation in the downstream of the Screen, some relationships have been presented and the results have been compared with previous studies. The results showed that the Froude number (FrA) of supercritical flow have a great effect on energy depreciation. Also, the effect of dimensionless grain sizes (d50) and maximum scour depth (Ds) is negligible on energy depreciation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • energy dissipation
  • Screens
  • Stilling basin Super critical flow
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