Runoff Generation in Kerosene and Gas Oil Contaminated Soils

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University

2 Professor; Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University

3 Professor, Department of Watershed Management Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University


A quantitative evaluation of the effects of contamination of soil with petroleum, on the
soil physical properties, is required for optimal soil and water resources management. The
objective followed in the present study was to investigate runoff generation in soils
contaminated with Kerosene and Gas Oil. Towards this end, variables of runoff
commencement, runoff coefficient, variations in runoff duration time as well as
cumulative runoff were determined for the contaminated soils. The experimental
treatments consisted of two concenterations of Kerosene and Gas Oil.. The results
indicated that Kerosene and Gas Oil contaminated soil plots significantly influenced the
commencement of runoff, so that, the runoff commencement for non-contaminated plots
occurred 128 seconds later than that for the contaminated plots. However, different types
of petroleum of the same quantities did not significantly influence the runoff
commencement. In addition, a maximum runoff coefficient was obtained for higher
concentrations of contaminants. The results further indicated that the runoff coefficient in
contaminated plots was about 3 to 3.5 times that of non-contaminated plots. The
contaminated soil plots exerted a significant influence on an increasing of the cumulative
runoff in comparison with the non-contaminated plots.


Main Subjects

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