Small Plot Soil Hydrologic Components as Affected by Application of Vinasse Organic Residue

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Former M.Sc Student of Watershed Management Engineering, College of Natural resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Mazandaran, Iran,

2 Professor (Corresponding Author), Department of Watershed Management Engineering, College of Natural resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Mazandaran

3 Assistant professor, Department of Watershed Management Engineering, College of Natural resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Mazandaran


The present research was planned to assess the effect of application of two doses of 4.5 and 8 l m-2 of environmentally friendly industrial organic waste of Vinasse on runoff commencement time, runoff coefficient and volume, soil loss and sediment concentration within small experimental plots of 20% slope under rainfall simulation with intensities of 50 and 90 mm h-1 and 15 min duration on a sandy clay loam soil. The results indicated significant effects of the treatment on runoff commencement time and sediment concentration (P<0.04), runoff coefficient, runoff volume as well as soil loss (P= 0.00). Also the results revealed that the lower doses of vinasse application resulted in increasing runoff and soil loss for about 151 and 154% at 50 mmh-1 and increasing the expressed variables for respectively about 64 and 200 % at 90 mmh-1 in comparison with those recorded for control. The application of higher doses of vinasse increased runoff and soil loss rates for the respective 79 and 30% at 50 mmh-1, and increased runoff and soil loss rates for 60 and 58% at 90 mmh-1, respectively. In addition, the application of Vinasse increased runoff volume and soil loss in either one of the rainfall intensities. In this situation, 4.5 l m-2 of vinasse in either of the rainfall intensities and 8 l m-2 of vinasse in intensity of rainfall 90 mm h-1 increased sediment concentration, but 8 l m-2 of vinasse in the intensity of 50 mm h-1 of rainfall reduced it, the effects of 8 l m-2 treatment to reduce runoff, soil loss and sediment concentration were found out as more than those obtained for 4.5 l m-2 treatment. These results show that the application of vinasse amendment does not always prevent soil loss; neither does it improve soil physical properties. Higher rates of application of vinasse, together with extending the persistency period before rainfall, are therefore suggested.


Main Subjects

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