Using Soil Pedotransfer and Spectrotransfer Functions to Estimate Cation Exchange Capacity in Calcareous Soils, Fars Province

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Soil Science and Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


Cation exchange capacity (CEC) is one of the most important soil chemical properties that plays an important role in soil fertility. However, standard laboratory methods for measuring CEC are difficult, costly, and time-consuming. The aim of this study was to use new methods such as 1) Pedotransfer Functions (PTF) based on the basic soil properties using Multiple Linear Regression (MLR), 2) soil spectroscopy (Vis–NIR, 400 – 2500 nm) using Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR), and Support Vector Regression (SVR), for estimating soil CEC. Also, from the regression coefficient analysis, key wavelengths were introduced. For this purpose, CEC was measured using the sodium acetate method for 72 soil samples collected, and spectral reflection of soil samples was determined using spectroscopy. These methods are made from a calibration set (70% of data) and evaluated with a validation set (30% of data). The results showed that Vis - NIR method performed better than PTF. In this study, wavelength ranges around 566, 854, 1354, 1418, 1906, 2071, 2203, 2319, and 2341 nm were investigated as the key wavelengths for estimation of CEC. Furthermore, the results of prediction models showed that SVR has a better performance than PLSR. This study proved that Vis-NIR is a promising method for soil CEC estimation.


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