Effect of Some Petroleum Products on Water Repellency of Texturally Different Soils

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of soil science, faculty of agriculture, shiraz university, shiraz, iran

3 Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Chemical, Petroleum, and Gas Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


One of the most important soil and environmental pollutants, particularly around refineries and oil pipelines are oil pollutants which can affect on soil properties. Water repellency, as one of the important soil physical properties, can also be affected by different pollutants in different soils. Therefore, the aim of this study aimed is to evaluate the effect of 0, 1.5, 3, and 4.5% levels of crude oil, kerosene and gasoline on the static (soil-water contact angle) and dynamic (water droplet penetration time) water repellency in clay loam, loamy sand, and sandy loam soils. The results showed that the mean value of dynamic water repellency in loamy sand soil was significantly more than of clay loam and sandy loam soils by 27 times and the mean value of static water repellency in loamy sand and sandy loam soils was significantly more than of clay loam soil by 7% and 1%, respectively. Furthermore, the mean value of dynamic water repellency in soils treated with kerosene and gasoline were significantly lower than crude oil-treated soils by 100% and 96%, respectively and were respectively lower by 19% and 15% for the mean value of static water repellency. In general, petroleum products caused a significant increase in water repellency and the maximum value of water repellency was observed in the crude oil-treated soils.


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