Effect of Humic Acid and Complete Micronutrient Fertilizer on Growth and Economic Yield of Different Bread Wheat Cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Agronomy, Khorramabad branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad, Iran

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, khorramabad branch, Islamic Azad University, khorramabad, Iran.


In order to evaluate the effect of humic acid and complete micronutrient fertilizer on growth and economic performance of different bread wheat cultivars, a factorial experiment was conducted on the base of randomized complete block design with three replications in Biranshahr region (Lorestan province) during two years in 2015-16 and 2016-17. The main factors included nutrition at four levels (control, humic acid, complete fertilizer 20-20-20 and humic acid + complete fertilizer 20-20-20) and bread wheat cultivars as sub-factors included (Mihan, Sivand and Alvand). The results showed that the number of spikes per square meter, number of seeds per spike, 1000-seed weight, biological yield, and grain yield and harvest index of wheat cultivars were influenced by the studied factors. The highest economic yield (8296 kg/ha) was obtained in the treatment of humic acid application + complete micronutrient fertilizer in Alvand cultivar. The highest number of spikes per m2 was related to humic acid feeding treatment in Alvand cultivar with an average of 625 spikes per m2. The highest number of seeds per spike was obtained in the treatment with humic acid feeding along with complete fertilizer in Alvand cultivar with an average of 45.2. The highest 1000-seed weight was related to feeding with humic acid + complete fertilizer with an average of 42.0 g. Interaction of humic acid with complete fertilizer in Alvand cultivar has produced the highest biological yield (19156 kg/ha). The highest harvest index (43.6%) was observed in complete fertilizer feeding treatment in Alvand cultivar. Findings showed that the application of humic acid along with chemical fertilizers increases the quality and quantity of agricultural products and maintains the balance of the environment.


Abasi, H., and Hamzehei, G. (2017). Effect of different sources of nitrogen and humic acid fertilizers on yield and some physiological traits of Pishtaz wheat. Crop Physiology Journal. 9(35), 73-88. (In Farsi).
Abdoli, M., and Esfndiari, A. (2014).  The effect of zinc foliar application on quantitative and qualitative yield and growth characteristics of wheat seedlings (Koohdasht cultivar). Iranian Journal of Dryland Agriculture. 2(1), 77-96. (In Farsi).
Akbari, H., and Modares Sanavy, S.A.M. (2019). Effects of Nutritional Management on Yield, Nitrogen Use Efficiency, Soil Organic Carbon and Nitrogen in Canola-Wheat Crop Rotation.  Journal of Agroecology. 10(4): 1245-1257. (In Farsi).
Antoun, L. W. Sahar, M. Zakaria and H. Rafla. (2010). Influence of compost N-mineral and Humic Acid on yield and chemical composition of Wheat plant. Jornal. Soil Science. And Agriculture. l (11), 1131-1143.
Anwar, S., Iqbal, F., Khattak, W. A., Islam, M., Iqbal, B. and Khan, S. (2016). Response of wheat crop to humic acid and nitrogen levels. Agriculture research articles, 3(1): 558-565.
Arjumend, T., Kaleem abbasi, M.K., and Rafique, E. (2015). Effects of lignite-derived Humic acid on some selected soil properties, growth and nutrient uptake of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under greenhouse conditions. Pakistan. Journal. Bot., 47(6), 2231-2238.
Asal, M. W., Elham, A., Ibrahim, O. M., and Ghalab, E. G. (2015). Can humic acid replace part of the applied mineral fertilizers? A study on two wheat cultivars grown under calcareous soil conditions. International Journal of ChemTech Research, 8(9): 20-26.
 Delfine, S., Tognetti, R., Desiderio, E. and Alvino, A. (2005). Effect of Foliar Application of N and Humic Acids on Growth and Yield of Durum Wheat. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 25, 183-191.
Doroodian, M., Sharghi, Y., Alipour, A., and Zahedi, H. (2016). Yield and Yield Components of Wheat as Influenced by Sowing Date and Humic Acid. International Journal of Natural Sciences, 5(1), 8-14.
Dupont, F.M., W.J. Hurkman, W.H Vensel, and M. Tanaka. (2006). Protein accumulation and composition in wheat grains: effects of mineral nutrients and high temperature. European Journal of Agronomy. 25(2), 96– 107.
El-Bassiouny, H.S.M., Bakry, B.A., El-Monem Attia, A.A., and Abd Allah, M.M. (2014). Physiological role of humic acid and nicotinamide on improving plant growth, yield, and mineral nutrient of wheat (Triticum durum) grown under newly reclaimed sandy soil. Agricultural Sciences 5: 687-700.
Erkossa, T., Stah, K. and Tabo, G. (2002). Integration of organic and inorganic fertilizers: Effect on vegetable productivity. Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization, Debre Zeit. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, 82, 247-256.
Foley, J.A., N. Ramankutty, K.A. Brauman et al. (2011). Solutions for a cultivated plant. Nature 478, 337–342.
Gayathri, B., and Srinivasamurthy, C. A. (2016). Effect of different levels and sources of humic acid extracted from organic wastes on soil properties, growth, yield and nutrient uptake by maize. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50(2): 463-468.
Gerendas, J., and I. Pieper. (2001). Suitability of the SPAD meter and the petiole nitrate test for nitrogen management in nursery potatoes. P. 716-717.
Hafez, M., Mohamed, A.E., Rashad, M., and Popov, A.I. (2020). The efficiency of application of bacterial and humic preparations to enhance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plant productivity in the arid regions of Egypt. Biotechnology Reports. 29(2021): 17-23.
Halimiyan, E., Mojaddam, M., and Derogar, N. (2020). Evaluation of quantitative and qualitative yield of maize (zea mays L.) in response to micronutrient spraying under water stress conditions. Applied Field Crops Research. 32(4): 1-15. (In Farsi).
Izadi-Darbandi, E., and Azad, M. (2015). The possibility of wheat yield improvement by modifing the amount of nitrogen and phosphorus application methods and rate. Applied Field Crops Research. 27(105): 189-195. (In Farsi).
Izhar Shafi, M., Adnan, M., Fahad, S., Wahid, F., Khan, A., Yue, Z., Danish, S., Zafar-ul-Hye, M., Brtnicky, M., and Datta, R. (2020). Application of Single Superphosphate with Humic Acid Improves the Growth, Yield and Phosphorus Uptake of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Calcareous Soil. Agronomy. 10(9): 12-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091224
Jones, C.A., Jacobsen, J.S. and Mugaas, A. (2007). Effect of low‐rate commercial humic acid on phosphorus availability, micronutrient uptake, and spring wheat yield. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 38(7-8), 921-933.
Li, B.Y., Zhou, D.M., Cang, L., Zhang, H.L., Fan, X.H. and Qin, S.W. (2007). Soil micronutrient availability to crops as affected by long-term inorganic and organic fertilizer applications. Soil and Tillage Research, 96, 166–173.
Manal, F. M., Thalooth, A. T., Amal A. G., Magda, H. M. and Elewa, T. A. (2016). Evaluation of the effect of chemical fertilizer and humic acid on yield and yield components of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum) grown under newly reclaimed sandy soil. International Journal of ChemTech Research, 9(8): 154-161.
Moradi, M., Siadat, S.A., Khavazi, K., Naseri, R., Maleki, A., and Mirzaei, A. (2011). Effect of application of biological and chemical fertilizers of phosphorus on quantitative and qualitative traits of spring wheat. Journal of Crop Ecophysiology. 5(18), 51-66
Movahed- Pour. F., Dabagh mohammadi Nasab., A., Najafi, N., and Amini., R. (2014).  Effect of humic acid and EDTA on growth characteristics, yield and yield components of rapeseed under copper toxicity stress. Journal of Agriculture of Science and Sustainable Production. 8(4), 13-29. (In Farsi).
Ofosu-Anim, J. and M. Leitch. (2009). Relative efficacy of organic manures in spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) production. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 3(1), 13- 19.
Radwan, F. I., M. A. Gomaa, I. F. Rehab and Samera, I. A. (2015). Impact of Humic Acid Application, Foliar Micronutrients and Biofertilization on Growth, Productivity and Quality of Wheat (Triticum aestivum, L.). Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research. 4(2), 130-140.
Rajabi, R., R. Haghparast, M. Aghahisarbarzeh, and A. Shabani. (2008). Effect of biofertilizer application on yield and bread wheat quality under dray land conditions. 10th IranianCongress. 389 pp, (In Farsi).
Rostami, A.N., and Mozafari, A. (2018). Investigation the Effect of Humic Acid and Different Method of Seed Biopriming on Morphophysiological Traits of Wheat under Rainfed and Supplemental Irrigation Condition. Journal of Agronomy and Plant Breeding. 14(3): 89-106. (In Farsi).
Sabzevari, S., and Khazaie, HR. (2009). The Effect of foliar application with humic acid on growth, yield and yield components of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Agroecology 1(2), 53-63. (In Farsi).
Salal Alaiwi, M., and Khaled Idan, M. (2019). Studying the comparison of the ground addition and spraying with humic acid in some growth traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science. 11(3): 30-38.
Sarwar, M., Ahmed, S., Arsalan, M. and Khan, M. (2017). Humic acid affects zinc availability and wheat yield in zinc deficient calcareous soil. Journal of Applied Agriculture and Biotechnology, 2(1), 19−25.
Sassi-Aydi, S., Aydi, S. and Abdelly, C. (2014). Inorganic nitrogen nutrition enhances osmotic stress tolerance in phaseolus vulgaris: Lessons from a drought-sensitive cultivar. Hort Science, 49(5), 550-555.
Shahryari, R. (2018). Quantitative and Qualitative Comparison of Wheat Genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) under Terminal Water Stress Conditions and Foliar Application of Humic Acid. Journal of Agroecology. 10(1): 175-185. (In Farsi).
Sio-Se Mardeh, A., A. Ahmadi, K., Postini, and V. Mohammadi. (2006). Evaluation ofdrought resistance indices under various environmental condition. Field Crop Res. 98, 222- 229.
Tarafi, F., and Shokohfar, A. (2019). The effect of humic acid on yield, yield components and physiological characteristics of wheat in low irrigation conditions. Quartery Journal of Plant Prouduction Scemce. 2(9), 121-132. (In Farsi).
Teymori, N., Heydari, Gh. Hosein Panah, F., Sioseh- Mardeh, A., and Sohrabi, E. (2019). Response of physiological characteristics of Sardari wheat ecotypes to foliar application of iron and humic acid before and after flowering in rainfed conditions. Plant Production Tecnology. 19(1), 173-190. (In Farsi).
Tourfi, F., and Shokuhfar, A. (2019). Effect of humic acid on yield, yield component and physiological parameters of wheat in deficit irrigation conditions. Quarterly Jornal of plant production science 9(2), 121-132. (In Farsi).
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2021). World population prospects: The 2020 revision.http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Excel-Data/population.htm, accessed January.
Wang, J., chatzidimitriou, E., Wood, L., Hasanalieva, G., Markellou, E., Iversen, P, O., Seal, C., Baranski, M, Vigar, V., Ernst, L., Willson, A., Thapa, M., Barkla, B., Leifert, C., Rempelos, L. (2020). Effect of wheat species (Triticum aestivum vsT.spelta), farming system (organic vs conventional) and flour type (whole grain vs white) on composition of wheat flour Results of a retail survey in the UK and Germany 2. Antioxidantactivity, and phenolic and mineral content. Food chemistry: x, 6(30): 91-101.
Yuan, T., Wang, J., Sun, X., Yan, J., Wang, Z., and Niu, J. (2017). Effect of combined application of humic acid and nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen uptake, utilization and yield of winter wheat. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture. 3, 74-82.