The Effect of Sewage Sludge and its Biochars on the Availability and Desorption Characteristics of Copper in a Contaminated Calcareous Soil

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Department of Soil Science, Factulty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different levels of sewage sludge and its biochars on availability and release kinetics of Cu in a contaminated calcareous soil. For this purpose, the sewage sludge and its biochars produced at two temperatures including 400 and 600 0C were added to a contaminated calcareous soil at 0, 0.5 and 1% levels (w/w), and samples were incubated for 5 months. The kinetics of Curelease was determined by successive extraction with DTPA-TEA in periods of 1 to 504 h in the amended and control soils. Results showed that the desorbed Cu from the soils treated with 0.5 and 1% sewage sludge significantly increased (p < 0.05) as compared to the control soil, whereas, the amount of Cu desorbed from soils treated with 0.5 and 1% biochar produced at 400 and 600 0C significantly decreased (p < 0.05), as compared with the control soil. Desorbed Copper from treated soil with 1% biochar produced at 600 0C was reduced 54.2% as compared to the control soil. The comparsion of release rate constants indicated that the highest and lowest desorption rate of Cu were observwd in 1% sewage sludge and 1% biochar produced at 600 0C treatments respectively. Overall, the results demonstrated that the conversion of sewage sludge to biochar is a suitable method for its management and it can be used for stabilization and remediation of Cu contaminated soils.


Main Subjects

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