Chemical Effect of municipal Compost and Sewage Sludge on Soil and Wheat Crop

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Soil and Water Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Isfahan, Iran

2 Soil and Water Research Department, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension organization (AREEO), Isfahan, Iran.


To study the effect of different amounts of municipal compost and sewage sludge on soil properties and wheat, a field experiment was conducted in Ruddasht research station in Isfahan, for five years. Five treatments including 25 and 50 t/ha/year of municipal solid waste compost and 15 and 30 t/ha/year of sewage sludge and control treatment (non-application of organic fertilizer) were used in a randomized complete block design with three replications for five years. The organic fertilizer application increased organic matter in the soil. Also, the application of organic fertilizers, especially at higher levels, increased phosphorus, potassium, iron, copper, manganese, zinc, cadmium and lead in the soil. Also, the application of organic fertilizers increased signifivantly phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, iron, copper and zinc in the grain and straw of wheat. The concentration of these elements increased significantly with application of organic fertilizers after five years. For manganese, this trend was reversed due to the antagonistic relationship with the iron element. The concentration of lead and cadmium in the plant was so low that it could not be measured by atomic absorption. In general, municipal waste compost and sewage sludge increased the soil organic matter and the concentration of nutrients in the plant, especially in terms of micronutrients such as zinc and iron.


Main Subjects

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