Investigation of Relative Depth Effect on Flow Characteristics in Meandering Compound Channel

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Water Engineering Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Water Engineering Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, , Mashhad, Iran


One of the important aspects in describing river behavior is its curvature. The production of successive bends in natural rivers is an inevitable component of the process through which the river changes. Understanding the flow behavior in the interaction between the main channel and the floodplain, especially during floods, is necessary to protect soil and water structures. This study was conducted to better understand the hydrodynamics of the middle and turbulent flow in compound meandering channels. According to the natural conditions of most rivers, due to variation of discharge and depth ratios (flow depth in floodplain to flow depth in the main channel), in this study, a rectangular meander laboratory channel with a constant sinuosity 1.3 for different depth ratios of 0.35 and 0.55 was investigated. The results showed that the size of velocity components (u,v,w) at 0.35 relative depth was greater than 0.55, which  indicating higher vortex strength and interaction intensity between the main channel and floodplain at lower relative depth. Also, by investigating the secondary flows, the existence of clockwise and counterclockwise rotational eddy currents in the main channel and floodplains and the location of these currents were determined.


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