Investigation of Water Stress Status of Olive Trees Using Crop Water Stress Index

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph. D. student, irrigation and drainage department, Water science College, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz

2 Associate Professor, Irrigation and Drainage Department, Water Science Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz, Ahwaz, Iran.

3 Full Professor of Irrigation and drainage department, Water science faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz, Ahwaz, Iran

4 Assistant professor of Horticulture science, Agriculture College, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz


The aim of this study was to assess the crop water stress index (CWSI), derived from leaf temperature using infrared thermometer measurements, to investigate the water stress status and irrigation timing of olive trees. Fpr this purpose a regression function was determined between crop water stress index and relative water content of leaf (RWC) and soil water content (SWC). The experimental treatments involved two olive cultivars (Koroneiki and T2) and four water regimes (irrigation of 100, 85, 70 and 55% of crop water requirement). The results showed that the non-water stressed baseline is varied throughout the study period as well as during the day. The daily variations of non-water stressed baseline were mainly due to variations in the intercept of the non-water stressed baseline that can be explained by variations in zenith solar angle. After investigating the relationship between vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and the difference between crop and air temperature (), the equation of Tc-Ta = -0.45 VPD+1.06, r2 = 0.99 was determined for the non-water stressed baseline of the olive trees at 12:30 pm. The effect of irrigation regime on water stress index of Kroneiki and  olive trees was not significant in none of the measurements during the study period. However, crop water stress index was significantly correlated with relative water content (Kroneiki: r2=0.67**, : r2=0.88**) and soil water content (Kroneiki: r2=0.74**, : r2=0.78**). Therefore, the crop water stress index is a good indicator of the water stress status of the Koroneiki and T2 olive trees.


Main Subjects

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