Effect of Silicon Sources and Nano Silicon on Some Morphophysiologic Response of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Soil Science Department, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.

2 Soil Science Department, Faculty of Engineering and Technology,University College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

3 Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

4 Manager of Sepahan Rooyesh Company


One of the ways to improve the food security of a growing population of the world is to increase the amount of production per unit area. Some of the nutrient elements such as silicon not only increase nutrient use efficiency but also increment product quality. In this research, the effects of various sources of silicon included Potassium silicate, Calcium silicate, Humistar Si in two levels 200 and 400 mg/kg and Nano-silicon in two levels 50 and 100 mg/kg and Control treatment on morphophysiological responses of the herb of the stevia plant were examined. After three months, the plants were harvested and fresh and dry weight of shoot and root, height and diameter of the shoot, root volume and leaf area as morphophysiological indices of the plant, and leaf chlorophyll, the concentration of silicon, phosphorus, potassium in the shoots, and Glycosides in the stevia leaf, including Stevioside, Rebaudioside A and B were measured. The results showed the effects of silicon sources on the fresh and dry weight of shoot and root, height of shoot, root volume, stem diameter, leaf area and leaf chlorophyll index were significant. The treatments of calcium silicate-200, Nanosilicon-100, and Humistar silicon-200 yielded the highest fresh weight of the shoot compared to the control samples and Nanosilicon-100 led to an increase of 55, 64, and 35% of mentioned elements compared to the control treatment. The treatment of Humistar silicon-400 showed the highest amounts of Stevioside (5.23%), Rebaudioside A (0.67%). Considering the effectiveness of the use of silicon element on morpho-physiological and nutritional responses, and improving the quality of Stevioside and Rebaudioside sugars, it is recommended that along with the optimal use of nutrients, more attention should be paid to the role of this valuable element.


Main Subjects

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