The Effect of A300 Hydrogel Superabsorbent on Cucumber Yield and Estimation of Optimum Water-Yield Production Function under Water Stress Conditions

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Water Engineering and Sciences, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Department of Water Science and Engineering, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Water Sciences Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.


In this study, the effect of water stress and different levels of superabsorbent on cucumber yield (variety of super dominus hybrid) in a farm with sandy soil was evaluated in Seimare region, Elam province, Iran. Experimental design was performed according to split plot method in a randomized complete block design. Three different levels of irrigation were considered as the main treatment including 100 (I1), 80 (I2) and 60 (I3) percent of crop water requirement and four levels of superabsorbent were used as secondary treatment including zero (S0), 15 (S1), 30 (S2) and 45 gm-2 (S3). According to the results, the effect of irrigation and superabsorbent treatments was significant on cucumber yield at 1 percent level. The average maximum and minimum crop yield were 3.7 and 1.97 kgm-2 which were corresponded to the full irrigation (I1) and severe drought stress (I3) treatments. In addition, the effect of irrigation and superabsorbent treatments was significant on water productivity of cucumber crop at 1 percent level. The maximum and minimum water productivity were 8.11 and 6.15 kgm-3 which were corresponded to the full irrigation (I1) and severe drought stress (I3) treatments. Also, a quadratic function was introduced as the optimum water-yield production function for cucumber crop (variety of super dominus hybrid) in the sandy soil amended with superabsorbent. Finally, it was concluded that the superabsorbent could prevent from the significant reduction of cucumber yield in sandy soil and under drought stress conditions.


Main Subjects

Aghayari, F., Khalili, F. and Ardakani, M. R. (2016). Effect of deficit irrigation, partial irrigation and superabsorbent polymer on yield and yield components of corn (cv. KSC703). Journal of Water and Soil Resources Conservation, 6(1), 1-14. (In Farsi)
Ayas, S. and Demirtaş, C. (2009). Deficit irrigation effects on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. Maraton) yield in unheated greenhouse condition. Food, Agriculture and Environment, 7(3 and 4), 645-649.
Afazaty, M., Irandost, M. and Rezaei Estakhroeih, A. (2015). Effect of application of super absorbent on the growth and yield of cucumber under deficit irrigation. Journal of Water and Irrigation Management, 5(2), 203-214. (In Farsi)
Asadi, R. and Karandish, F. (2016). Influence of irrigation management and drip irrigation laterals on water use, yield and net benefits in greenhouse cucumber. Iranian Journal of Soil and Water Research, 47(1), 13-24. (In Farsi)
Ahrar, M., Delshad, M. and Babalar, M. (2009). Improving of consumption efficiency of water and fertilizer in soil-free planting of greenhouse Cucumber by using of Superabsorbent. Journal of horticulture science, 23(1), 69-77. (In Farsi)
Abdi, S., Asareh, A. and Asadilour, M. (2017). Determination of water use efficiency of cucumber in drought stress conditions with drip irrigation (Tape) in Zarinabad, Ilam. 3rd National Conference on Water Management in the Field (Water Demand Demand). 26-27 February., Soil and Water Research Institute, Karaj, Iran.
Abedi Koupai, J. and Mesforoush, M. (2009). Evaluation of Superabsorbent polymer application on yield, water and fertilizer use efficiency in cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, 2, 100-111. (In Farsi)
Alizadeh, A. (2007). Planning the irrigation systems. Imam Reza publication, 452p.
Blanco, F.F. and Folegatti, M. (2003). Evapotranspiration and crop coefficient of cucumber in greenhouse. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 7(2), 285-29.
Datta K. K., Sharma, V. P. and Sharma, D. P. (1998). Estimation of a production function for wheat under saline conditions. Agricultural Water Management, 36, 85–94.
Hashemi-nia, S, M. (2007). Water management in agriculture. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Press, 536p.
Han, Y.G., Yang, P.L., Luo, Y.P., Ren, S.M., Zhang, L.X. and Xu, L. (2010). Porosity change model for watered super absorbent polymer-treated soil. Environmental Earth Sciences, 61, 1197–1205.
Huttermann, A., Zommorodi, M. and Reise, K. (1999). Addition of hydrogels to soil prolonging the survival of pinus halepensis seedling subjected to drought. Soil and Tillage Research, 50, 295-304.
Homaee, M., Dirksen, C. and Feddes, R. A. (2002). Simulation of root and water uptake, I. Non-uniforme transient salinity using different macroscopic reduction function, Agricultural Water Management, 57, 89-109.
Johnson, S. J. (1984). The effects of gel-forming polyacrylamides on moisture storage in sandy soils. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 35, 1196-1200.
Kalra, N., Chakraborty, D., Ramesh Kumar, P., Jolly, M. and Sharma, P. K. (2007). An approach to bridging yield gaps, combining response to water and other resource inputs for wheat in northern India, using research trials and farmers’ fields data. Agricultural Water Management, 93(1-2), 54-64.
Khodadadi Dehkordi, D. (2012). Evaluation of Deficit Irrigation and Different Levels of Superabsorbent (Super AB A 200) on some of Growth Indices, Yield and Yield Components of Spring and Summer Corn (zea mays L.) in Khuzestan Province Climate Conditions. Ph.D. thesis. Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran. (In Farsi)
Khadem, S. A., Ramroodi, M., Galavi, M. and Rousta, M. J. (2011). Effect of drought stress and different levels of animal manure and superabsorbent polymer on yield and yield component of corn. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 42(1), 115-123. (In Farsi)
Karimi, A. and Naderi, M. (2007). Evaluation of Superabsorbent polymer on the dry matter yield and water use efficiency of corn in soil with different texture. Water, soil and plant in agriculture, 7(3), 187-198. (In Farsi)
Kouhestani, Sh., Askari, N. and Maghsoudi, K. (2009). Impact Evaluation of Superabsorbent on grain corn yield under drought stress conditions. Iranian Water Research Journal, 3(5), 71-78. (In Farsi)
Li, J., Inanaga, S., Li, Z. and Eneji, E. (2005). Optimizing irrigation scheduling for winter wheat in the North China Plain. Agriculture Water Management, 76, 8-23.
Mohabbati, A. A., Najafi Mood, M. H., Shahidi, A. and Khashei Siuki, A. (2018). Interaction of water stress and zeolite application on greenhouse cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture, 9(2), 66-55. (In Farsi)
Mousavizadeh, M. (2018). The effect of Nano-superabsorbent (ASN-320) on greenhouse cucumber tolerance to salinity stress and deficit irrigation. M.Sc. thesis. Tabriz University. (In Farsi) 
Moslehi, Sh., Najafi, P., Tabatabaei, S. H. and Nourmahnad, N. (2011). Effect of Soil Moisture Stress on Yield and Growth Indexes of Greenhouse Cucumber. Journal of Water and Soil, 25(3), 770-775. (In Farsi) 
Molai, A. and Riahi, H. (2007). Determination of consumed water of greenhouse cucumber under micro-irrigation methods (drip, tape and underground tape). 1st technical workshop of enhancing water use efficiency with greenhouse productions planting. 18 October., Tehran. (In Farsi)
Najafi Alishah, F., Golchin, A. and Mohebi, M. (2013). The effects of Aquasorb water-absorbing polymer and irrigation frequency on yield, water use efficiency and growth indices of greenhouse cucumber. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture, 4(15), 1-13. (In Farsi)
Najafi Alishah, F. (2011). Effect of Nitrogen, superabsorbent and water requirement on yield and green cucumber growth index. M.Sc. thesis. College of Agriculture. Zanjan University. (In Farsi)
Najafi Mood, M. H. (2012). Effect of salinity and deficit irrigation on yield, quantitative and qualitative components of different types of cotton yield and determination of premier functions of production. Ph.D. thesis. College of water sciences. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. (In Farsi)
Rezaverdinejad, V., Shabanian, M., Besharat, S. and Hasani, A. (2017). Determination of crop water requirement, crop coefficient and water use efficiency of greenhouse-grown cucumber and tomato (Case study: Urmia region). Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture, 8(3), 27-39. (In Farsi)
Roshdi, M. (2014). Study on generative traits and yield of sunflower under different levels of irrigation and superabsorbent polymer. Journal of Crop Production Research, 5, 373-386. (In Farsi)
Sharifan, H., Mokhtari, P. and Hezarjaribi, A. (2013). The Effect of Superabsorbent A200 on the infiltration parameters of Kostiakov-Lewis equation in the Furrow irrigation. Journal of Water and Soil, 27, 205-212.
Shamci Gooshki, A., Tajoddini, P. and Farah-bakhsh, H. (2015). Impact evaluation of superabsorbent and priming on yield and yield component of grain corn under drought stress conditions. 2nd International Conference on New Findings of Agricultural Sciences, Natural Resources and Environment. 16 March., Tehran, Iran. 5p. 
Shahidi, A. (2008). Interaction of deficit irrigation and salinity and yield and yield components of two wheat cultivars and determining its water-salinity production function in the Birjand region. Ph.D. thesis of irrigation and derainage, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz.  276p.
Taylor K. C. and Halfacre R. G. (1986). The effect of hydrophilic polymer on media water retention and nutrient availability to Ligustrum Lucidum. Hortscience, 21(5), 1159-1161.
Wang, Y. R., Kang, Sh. Zh., Li, F. Sh. and Zhang, L. (2007). Saline water irrigation scheduling through a crop-water-salinity production function and soil-water-salinity dynamic model. Pedosphere, 17(3), 303-317.
Yazdani, S. (2017). Evaluation of greenhouse cucumber yield under water and salinity stresses of irrigation water. M.Sc. thesis. College of Agriculture. Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. (In Farsi)
Zounemat-Kermani, M. and Asadi, R. (2014). Effect of soil matric potential and irrigation pipe layout on yield and water use efficiency of cucumber’s in greenhouse. Journal of Water and Irrigation Management, 4(2), 203-214. (In Farsi)
Zohurian-Mehr, M. (2006). Super-Absorbents. Iran Polymer Society Press, 83p.