Global Sensitivity Analysis of WOFOST Model Parameters for Maize and Wheat Yield Simulation

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Eastern Water and Environment Research Institute

2 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 Sciences and Researches University of Tehran

4 University of Guilan


The dynamical simulation model of WOFOST is widely used for yield estimation at farm and regional scales as well as different climate conditions. In modelling processes, there are lots of parameters which have to be estimated (calibrated) and also in the other hand there are limitations for providing enough observational data. Therefor it is required to choose sensitive parameters for model calibration. In this study, a global sensitivity analysis has presented for maize and wheat simulation in WOFOST model. Global sensitivity analysis methods are useful tools to rank the model parameters based on their influence on model outputs and considering the entire range of parameters. In other words, these methods consider the influence of a unique parameter as well as the influence of its combinations with the other parameters. In this paper, Regional Sensitivity Analysis (RSA) method is applied as a global method and its results are discussed. The variations of sensitivity index for the two crops are obtained from minimum 0.006 (insensitive) to 0.37 (high sensitive). Furthermore, Results for maize crop showed that the parameters which are related to temperature process (TSUMAM, TSUMEA) and absorbed radiation (SLA, AMAX, EFF) are among the most influential parameters in simulation of maize crop yield. In case of wheat crop, only the parameters which are related to absorbed radiation process (SLA, RGRLAI, AMAX, and EFF) are identified as most influential parameters.


Main Subjects

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