Effect of conventional and conservation tillage with management residue on some of Soil physicochemical properties in wheat.

Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Shahrood

2 Research Institute of Mashhad


In order to study the effect of conventional and conservation tillage with management residue on wheat physiological properties ,a field experiment was conducted in 2013-2014 at Mashhad Agricultural and Natural Resources Research center of Razavi Khorasan province. This experiment was arranged in a split plot design based on randomized complete block with three replications. Main plots were tillage systems: 1) conventional tillage, 2) reduced tillage and 3) no tillage; subplots were management residue: 1) 0%, 2) 30% and 3) 60% residue. The results showed that tillage systems had significant effect on Mycorrhizal colonization(spore), soil temperature, Water-holding capacity of the soil, porosity. The highest Mycorrhizal colonization (spore)(72.88), Water-holding capacity of the soil (21.59%), porosity (62.09%), were obtained from no-till method. Residue management were significantly different effect on Mycorrhizal colonization(spore), soil temperature, Water-holding capacity of the soil, resistance to penetration, porosity. The highest grain yields were obtained under no-till (6912.2 kg/ha) and 60% residue treatment (6980.8 kg/ha). It is concluded that conservation tillage with more residue aboveground could improve wheat yield and some of soil physicochemical properties


Main Subjects

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