Evaluation of Sequential (with drain water) and Normal Irrigation on Yield, Yield Criteria and Water Productivity of Corn, Soybean and Sunflower

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

2 Assistant professor, Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran


In order to evaluate using effluent (as sequential irrigation), a study was conducted at research farm at Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz (located at latitude 31˚ 18’, longitude 48˚ 39’ and elevation 18m) during 2014-2015. Regarding to this purpose, a farm (with long 30m and width 24m) was selected and divided into 3 parts (A, B and C). Corn, soybean and sunflower were cultivated in parts A, B and C, respectively and effluent was used for irrigation of next parts. In part B, a split-plot design as randomized complete blocks with two treatments: irrigation type (Karun River and effluent) and urea fertilizer (100%, 75% and 50% application) was applied. Experiment design in part C was similar to part B except at 75% urea fertilizer. ANOVA results for soybean revealed that interaction between irrigation type and urea levels had significant effects on growth yield and biological water productivity (P<0.01) and fresh leaf weight (P<0.05). ANOVA results for sunflower showed that interaction between irrigation type and urea levels had significant effects on 100-seed weight, seed yield and seed water productivity (P<0.05). In general, it was found that sequential irrigation saved water and increased water productivity as 45.59% and 100%, respectively, compared to normal irrigation.


Main Subjects

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