The effect of different amounts of subsurface drip irrigation on yield and quality of two varieties of palm Kabkab and Zahedi

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ahvaz

2 Institue of Technical Research and Agricultural Engineering


In order to investigate the effect of the amount of water in subsurface drip irrigation on water use efficiency, performance dates, yield components, and determine the best irrigation in two varieties of palm, a split plot experiment in a randomized complete block design with three replications for the second year experiment (2014-2015) was carried out in Behbahan agricultural Research Station. The main factor was the amount of water in subsurface drip irrigation at three levels based on 75%, 100% and 125% water requirement and sub-plots, the two Variety of Kabkab and Zahedi. in all quantitative traits except water use efficiency such as berry weight and the core, length, number of berries per cluster, date yield and water use efficiency, water levels, there were significant differences between treatments. As 2582.1 cubic meters per hectare consumption of water in the treatment of 75% water requirement in addition to saving water consumption by as much as 28.8 and 45.5 percent compared to 100 and 125% water requirement, The yield of the Treatment Research 6563.6 kg and water use efficiency was calculated as 2.542 kilograms per cubic meter. Two varieties of palm Kabkab and Zahedi also not significantly different in terms of yield and water use efficiency. So that in the hearts 6134.9 kg per hectare yield and water use efficiency was calculated 1.721 kilograms per cubic meter.


Main Subjects

Ahmed, T. F., Hashmi, H. N. and Ghumman, A. R. (2011). Performance assessment of Subsurface Drip irrigation System using pipes of varying flexibility. Mehran Univer-sity Research Journal of Engineering & Technology, 30 (3): 361-370. [ISSN 0254-7821].
Allen, R.G., Pereira, L.S., Raes, D. and Smith, M. (1998). Crop evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 56, Rome, Italy.
Al-Rumaih, M., and Kassem, M.A. (2003). The effect of irrigation interval on the yield and quality of palms dates. The Canadian Soci. for Eng. in Agri., Food and Biological Systems meeting. Montreal, conada: 43-58.
Al-Amoud, A. I., Fawzi, S. Mohammad Saad., Al-Hamed, A. and Ahmed M. Alabdulkader. (2000) reference evapo-transpiration and date palm water use in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Research Journal of Agricul- tural Science and Soil Science(ISSN: 2251-0044), 2(4): 155-169, April ( 2012). Available online
Al-Zaidi, A. A., Baig, M. B., Elhag, E. A. and Al-Juhani, M. A. (2013). Farmers’ attitude towards the traditional and modern irrigation methods in Tabuk region - King-dom of Saudi Arabia. Chapter 8. in. Science, Policy and Politics of Modern Agricultural System: Global Context to local Dynamics of Sustainable Agriculture. Springer Science+business.
AOAC. (1990). Official Methods of Analysis, 15 the dn. Washington, D.C.Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
Ayars, J. E., R. A. Schoneman, F. Dale, B. Meso and P. Shouse. (2001). Managing subsurface drip irrigation in the presence of shallow ground water. Agric. Water Manage. 47(3): 243-264.
Darfaoui, El-Mostafa and Al-Assiri, A. (2010). response to climate change in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A report prepared for FAO-RNE. Available at: Accessed on March 23, 2013.
FAO. (2002). Date palm cultivation. FAoPlant production and protection paper 156 rev. 1. Food and Agriculture organi-zation of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
FAO. (2009). Water and agriculture in Saudi Arabia. AQUASTAT - FAO’s Information System on Water and Agriculture. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations. Available at:; Accessed on March 28, 2013.
Foakwa, E.O., Paterson, A., Fowler, M. and Vieira, J. (2008). Particle size distribution and compositional effects on textural properties and appearance of dark chocolates. Journal of Food Engineering ,87,p 181-190
Farzamneeya, M. and Raveri, Z. (2005). Less impact on yield and water use efficiency in Bam Mazafati date. Journal of Agriculture, 28 (1): 79-86. (in Farsi)
Ghafarinezhad, A. (2001). Determining the depth of irrigation projects around Palm Mazafati drip method. Bam. Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources of Kerman province. (in Farsi)
Hoseini, Z. (1990). conventional methods for food analysis, Shiraz University Press. (in Farsi)
KACST, (2012). Strategic Priorities for agricultural research. King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology. Ministry of Economy and Planning, Doc. No. 40P0001-PLN-0001-er01. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Accessed on March 28, 2012. Available at:
Karami, E. (2006). Appropriateness of farmers’ adoption of irrigation methods: The application of AHP model. Agricultural Systems, 87:101-119. Doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2005.01.001.
Karami, YA., Hoseini, Y. and Rezazadeh, R. (2012). The effect of depth and irrigation methods on yield and fruit characteristics in Minab Halil dates. National Scientific Conference and Festival Dates Iran. Kerman Bahonar Shahid University. (in Farsi)
Liebenberg, P.J. and Zaid, A. (2002). Date Palm irrigation. Chapter 7. in. Date palm cultivation. Plant Production Pa-per 156 rev.1. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations (FAO). Rome, Italy.
Mohebi, A. (2005). The effects of both surface and drip irrigation water on yield and quality traits Piarom date. Journal of Soil and Water Sciences. Volume 19. Number 1. Pages 124 - 130 . (in Farsi).
Mohebi, A. and Alihouri, M. (2013). The effect of depth and irrigation on the productivity, performance and vegetative characteristics Piarom palm. Journal of water Research in Agricultural, B, Volume 27, Number 4: 455 -464. (in Farsi)
Oron, G., Demalach, J., Hoffman, Z. And Cibotaru, R. (1991). Subsurface microirrigation with effluent. J. Irrig. Drain. -ASCE 117, 25–36.
Pezhman, H. (2002). A view on date palm situation and its research program in IRAN. Proc. of Date Palm Global Network Establishment Meeting, UAE University, Al Ain: 71-80.
Phene, C.J. (1995). The sustainability and potential of subsurface drip irrigation. In; Proc. 5th int. Microirrigation Congress,
Radmehr, A. (2010). Results of sample statistics design of orchards. The Ministry  of Jehad-e- Agriculture Press, Pp: 27-29. (In Persian).
Rastegari, H. and Zargari, H. (2011). Effects of water stress on yield and quality of Shahani date. Seventh Congress of Horticultural Sciences. Iran, Isfahan University of Technology 1608- 1610. . (in Farsi)
Singh, S.D., and P. Singh. (1978). Value of drip irrigation compared with conventional irrigation for vegetable production in a hot arid climate, Agron. J., 70(6): 945-47.
Sivanappan, RK.  (1998). Low cost micro irrigation system for all crops and all  farmers In: Proceedings of Workshop Micro  irrigation and Sprinkler irrigation systems April 1998 at New  Delhi.  Organized  by Central Board of Irrigation and Power, Edited  by CVJ Verma,  pp.  IV-15-IV-20.