Assesment About Efficiency of SWAT Semi-Distribution Model for Simulation of Streamflow (Case Study in Talar Watershed,Mazandaran Province)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources of Sary

2 University of Agriculture and Natural Resources of Sary

3 University of Tarbiat Modares


In this study, to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness parameters about rainfall-runoff relations , SWAT models have been used inTalar watershed of Mazandaran province .By using of this model ,has done ,calibration based on 8 rainfall station with daily precipitation, 5 evaporation station with daily temperature along output discharge in shirgah-Talar hydrometric station.Performing the calibration and validation of this model , was simulated initially based on 21 parameters with high sensitivity . In validation phase of 21 selected parameters, study about p-value and t-state indices shows sensitivity and behavior of parameters .At this stage, CN2-MGT parameter with the least amount of p-Value index and the highest index value t-State is recognized as the most sensitive parameters .The first phase of model calibration results showed that weaknesses in the simulation model that is well coefficients p-factor, r-factor, R2 and NS respectively 0.04, 3/91 , 0/01, -44/15.Due to these issues by analyzing the results of the first phase of this study, we calibrated 8 sensitive parameters through the first 21 parameters until created better correlation between simulated and observed discharges. In validation stage of 8 sensitive parameters in 95% confidence interval, created high correlation between simulated and observed discharges and shows in the result of scatter plots of this phase . Comparison of p-factor,r-factor,R2,N.S with 0.93, 0.93 ,0.79 ,0.98 respectively shows the better model simulation that cause efficiency of model for simulation in this stage.


Main Subjects

Abbaspour, K.C. E Rouholahnejad S. Vaghefi ,R. Srinivasan ,H. Yang a, B. Kløve. (2015). A continental-scale hydrology and water quality model for Europe:Calibration and uncertainty of a high-resolution large-scale SWAT mode.Journal of Hydrology 524 ,733–752
Abbaspour  K.C et al. (2008) . SWAT-CUP2: SWAT Calibration and Uncertainty Programs - A User Manual. Department of Systems Analysis, Integrated Assessment and Modelling (SIAM), Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland,95pp
Abbaspour,K.C.(2007) user manual for SWAT-CUP,SWAT calibratin and uncertainty analysis programs:EAWAG: Swiss Fed.inst.of Aquat.Sci and Technol.,  Du"bendorf,Switzerland.93p.
Aragão, R., Cruz, M.A.S., Amorim, J.R.A., Mendonça, L.C., Figueiredo, E.E., Srinivasan, V.S.( 2013). Sensitivity analysis of the parameters of the SWAT model and simulation of the hydrosedimentological processes in a watershed in the northeastern region of Brazil. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo 37, 1091–1102 (in Portuguese).
Arnold, J.G., Srinivasan, R., Muttiah, R.S., Williams, J.R.(1998). Large area hydrologic modeling and assessment – part 1: model development. J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 34 (1) 73–89.
Andrade, M.A., Mello, C.R., Beskow, S.(2013). Hydrological simulation in a watershed with predominance of Oxisol in the Upper Grande river region,MG—Brazil. Rev. Bras. Eng. Agric. Ambient .17, 69–76 (in Portuguese).
Atfi, Gh. (2014). Flow and sediment yield prediction using SWAT model and ArcGIS in Ahar chai, Ms.c. dissertation, University of Ardabil, Mohaghegh Ardabili. (in Farsi)
Baker, T.J., Miller S.N .(2013).Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to assess land use impact on water resources in an East African watershed. J. Hydrol. 486, 100–111
Brzozowski, J., Miatkowski, Z., Śliwiński, D., Smarzyńska, K., Śmietanka, M.(2011).Application of SWATmodel to small agricultural catchment in Poland. J. Water Land Dev. 15, 157–166.
Chen ,Ji a, Yiping Wua,b.(2012),Advancing representation of hydrologic processes in the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) through integration of the TOPographic MODEL(TOPMODEL) features, Journal of Hydrology. 420–421, 319–328
Di Luzio, M. and J.G. Arnold. (2004). Formulation of a hybrid calibration approach for a physically based distributed model with NEXRAD data input. Journal of hydrology. 298(1-4),136-154.
Durães, F.,Mello, C.R.,Naghettini, M.(2011). Applicability of the SWAT model for hydrologic simulation in Paraopeba river basin, MG. Cerne. 17, 481–488.
Fontaine, T.A., Cruickshank, T.S., Arnold, J.G., Hotchkiss, R.H.(2002). Development of a snowfall-snowmelt routine for mountainous terrain for the soil water  assessment tool (SWAT). Journal of Hydrology. 262,209–223.
Fukunaga Danilo Costa , Roberto Avelino Cecílio ,Sidney Sára  Zanetti ,Laís Thomazini Oliveira , Marco Aurélio Costa Caiado. (2015). Application of the SWAT hydrologic model to a tropical watershed at Brazil ,Catena. 125, 206–213.
Golshan, M. (2013). Flow and sediment yield prediction using SWAT model in haraz watershed, Mazandaran Province, MS.c dissertation, University of Sari, Scince agricalture and nathral resourse. (In Farsi)
Lei Qiao ⇑, Chris B. Zou, Rodney E. Will, Elaine Stebler(.2015).  Calibration of SWAT model for woody plant encroachment using paired experimental watershed data. Journal of Hydrology.523 , 231–239
Mirsane, S., Kavianpor, Z. and Delavar, M. (2009). Assessment impact of Hydrological various parameters on watershed runoff by SWAT model, In Proceedings: Eighth the Civil Engineering International Congress, May 11-13., Shiraz, Iran, PP. 1-9. (In Farsi)
Neitsch, S.L., Arnold, J.G., Kiniry, J.R., King, K.W., Williams, J.R.(2005 a). Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) Theoretical Documentation. Blackland Research Center, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Temple, Texas (BRC Report02-05).
Omani, N., Tajrishi, M. and Abrishamchi, A. (2006). Simulating of Runoff by SWAT & GIS, In Proceedings; Seventh international seminar of river engineering, January 14-16., Ahvaz, Iran, PP. (in Farsi)
Rostameian, R., mosavi, S.F., Manochehr, H., Afyoni, M. and Abaspor, K.(2008). Evaluation of runoff and sediment Yield using SWAT2000 model in the North Karon in Beheshtabad watershed, Journal Sience and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 48, 531-517.(In Farsi)
Salmani, H.( 2011). Optimization of the parameters affecting the rain fall-run off in SWAT semi distributive model (case study of Ghazaghli subwatershed, (Gorganrood waterhed), MS.c dissertation, University of Tehran.
 Salmani,h.m.rostami khalaj,m.mohseni saravi,r. hamed and  a. salajeghe .(2012). Optimmization of afecte parameter on runoff-precipitatuion in SWAT model(case study in ghazaghely watershed of golestan province). QUARTERLY NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS OF IRAN.vol3(2).85-100(In Farsi)
Singh Vishal, Niteenkumar Bankar, Sagar S. Salunkhe, Apurba K. Bera and J. R. Sharma.(2013). Hydrological stream flow modelling on Tungabhadra catchment: parameterization and uncertainty analysis using SWAT CUP, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 104, NO. 9
Thampi, S.G., Raneesh, K.Y., Surya, T.V.(2010). Influence of scale on SWAT model calibration for streamflow in a river basin in the humid tropics. Water Resour. Manag. 24:, 4567–4578.
Wangpimool, Winai,Kobkiat Pongput,Chinnapat Sukvibool, Samran Sombatpanit,and Philip W. Gassman.(2013). The effect of reforestation on stream flow in Upper Nan river basin using Soil and Water Assessment Tool(SWAT)model, International Soil and Water Conservation Research,Vol 1,No 2, pp. 53 63
Wellen ,Christopher ,George B Arhonditsis ,Tanya Long, Duncan Boyd.(2014). Quantifying the uncertainty of nonpoint source attribution in distributed water quality models: A Bayesian assessment of SWAT’s sediment export Predictions ,Journal of Hydrology. 519 ,3353–3368
Xie Hua a, Yanqing Lian b(.2013).Uncertainty-based evaluation and comparison of SWAT and HSPF applicationsto the Illinois River Basin, Journal of Hydrology ,481,119–131
Zhang -Xuesong , Raghavan Srinivasan , David Bosch .(2009).Calibration and uncertainty analysis of the SWAT model using Genetic Algorithmsand Bayesian Model Averaging. Journal of Hydrology. 374 , 307–317
Zhang, X., Srinivasan, R., Debele, B., Hao, F.( 2008a) . Runoff simulation of the Headwaters of the Yellow River using the SWAT model with three snowmelt algorithms. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 44 (1), 48–61.
doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688 00137.x.
Zhixiang Lu a,b, Songbing Zou a, Honglang Xiao a, Chunmiao Zheng c,d, Zhenliang Yin a, Weihua Wang a,b.(2015). Comprehensive hydrologic calibration of SWAT and water balance analysis in mountainous watersheds in northwest China, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 79, 76-85