Treatment a soil against piping phenomenon using geogrid sheets

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc Student, Dept. of Hydraulic Structures irrigation and reclamation, univ of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Prof., Dept of irrigation and reclamation, univ of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Lecturer., Dept of irrigation and reclamation, univ of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Piping is an erosive process that occurs in hydraulic structures under the influence of upward seepage. Lack of sufficient notice of this phenomenon may seriously affect the stability of hydraulic structures. In this research work the effect of reinforcement soil on the variations of critical hydraulic gradient and seepage force were investigated through experimental tests. Reinforcement of samples was performed by two geo grids with mesh diameters of 6mm (No.1) and 2mm (No.2). One dimensional piping test were carried out on non-reinforced vs. reinforced sandy soil samples, compacted and fabricated through static methods, and in a specially designed apparatus. The results indicated that the critical hydraulic gradient and resistance against seepage force increased by reinforcement of the samples and that the resistance is a function of the number of the geogrid sheets as well as their location. In addition, the results indicated that the effect of the two geo grids is nearly the same for treatment of the soil against piping.


Main Subjects

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