Reducing of Water Seepage from Ab-Bandan by using Nonoclay, Cement and Lime

Document Type : Research Paper



The efficiency of Ab-Bandans is reduced with water leakage from them, so one solution is adding different materials to the soil of Ab-Bandans. In this study, different percentages nanoclay, 10% cement and 5% lime was used to reduce hydraulic conductivity of the soil of Ab-Bandans. The hydraulic conductivity reduced from 1.58*10-4 to 2.88*10-5 with the addition of %0.5 nanoclay. Measurement of piezometric pressure showed that nonlocal, cement and lime decreasing the phreatic surface on banks. Composition of the soil with nanoclay, cement and lime, respectively, decreased 58%, 51% and 28% losses that nanoclay further reduces leakage. Statistically significant differences between water seepage losses of natural soil with other materials exist at 95%. So the use of different materials such as nanoclay, cement and lime, respectively their impact on reducing of seepage, recommended for control the leakage of Ab-Bandan that lime was more economical in the case study.


Main Subjects

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