Interaction of Duration and Underground Drainage Distance in Mid-season Drainage on Yield and Yield Components of Rice, Hashemi Cultivar

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Graduate Student, Water Engineering Department, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Water Engineering Department, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht

3 Research Assistant Prof., Rice Research Inst. of Iran, Rasht, Iran


This study was conducted in 2014 to determine the most appropriate drainage distance and duration in mid-season drainage of paddy fields. The experimental field was located in Rice Research Institute of Iran, Rasht, Guilan Province, at 49.63˚ E and 37.16 ˚ N and an altitude of 24.6 m above sea level. The experiment was carried out on Hashemi cultivar in the plots of 3×4 m as a completely randomized design in three replications with the factors of drain distance at three levels of 7.5, 10 and 15 m and depth of 90 cm plus drainage duration within two levels of 7 and 11 days. Such characteristics as plant height, number of tillers, panicle length, filled grains, 1000-grain weight, dry matter, harvest index, yield, soil moisture and discharge of drains were determined. As a result, the effect of mid-season drainage duration on yield showed that the maximum yield was gained in the case of 7-day drainage duration with an amount of 3987 kg ha-1. Also, based on the effects of drains' distance on yield, a distance of 15m obtained led to a maximum yield of 3446 kg ha-1. Statistical analysis of drainage distance and mid-season drainage duration interaction on yield revealed that the maximum yield (4384 kg ha-1) was gained in the treatment of 7-day mid-season drainage duration and drains, distance of 15m, finally recommended for the study area.


Main Subjects

Agahi, K., Fotokian, M. H., and Farshadfar, E. (2007). Correlation and path coefficient analysis for some yield-related traits in rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 6(3): 513-517.
Akira NAGATA, MAFF.)2010(. Mitigation of Methane Emissions from Rice paddy fields in hapan.March.
Azhar, A. H., M. M. Alam, and M., Rafiq. )2005(. Agricultural impact assessment of subsurface drainage projects in Pakistan– crop yield analysis. Pakistan Journal of Water Resources, 9(1): 1-7.
Choi, M. G., Kim, S. S., Lee, S. Y., and Choi, S. Y. (1995). Influence of midsummer drainage on growth and lodging of rice in direct seeding on dry paddy. Crop Science, 40(5): 574-579.
Dato Seri, Y. B. (2003). Modernizing the rice farming community to meet social and business needs: The way forward. 3-6. In: Modern rice farming. Proceeding of an International rice conference. 13-16 Oct 2003; Alor, Setar, Kedah, Malaysia.405pp.
Fukuda, H.and H. Tsutsui.)1973(. Rice Irrigation in Japan. OTCA, Tokuo.
Guerra, L.C., Bhuiyan, S. I., Tuong, T. P., and Tuong, R. (1998). Producing more rice with less water. SWIM Paper 5. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute.
Moridnejad. A. (2004). Paddy fields drainage requirement and design principles of these drainage networks. Proceedings of 1th workshop on design fundamentals of development program in paddy fields. 18 July. Iran. (In Farsi)
Nagata, A. (2010). Mitigation of methane emissions from rice paddy fields in Japan.  Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan.
Palangi, M., Pirmoradian, N., Karimi, V., and Amiri-Larijani., B. (2015). The effect of surface midseason drainage on growth, physiological indices and grain yield of rice variety Tarom-Hashemi. Cereal Research, 4 (4): 267-278.(In Farsi).
Poorazizi, M. and Mahdavi, F. (2006). Efficient water use in rice. 12th Rice National Conference of Iran. Summer 2006. Iran.(In Farsi).
Rahman, S. M., Kakuda, K., Sasaki, Y., and Ando, H. (2013). Effect of mid-season drainage (MSD) on growth and yield of rice in north east Japan. American Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization Technology, 3: 33-42.
Rezaei, M., and Nahvi, M. (2004). Investigating the effects of irrigation on water use efficiency in paddy fields of Guilan province. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1(4).(In Farsi).
Wassman, R., Lantin, R. S., Neue, H. U., Buendia, L. V., Corton, T. M., and Lu, Y. (2000). Characterization of methane emissions from rice fields in Asia. III. Mitigation options and future research needs. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 58: 23–36.
Yazdani, M. R., Sharafi, N.,  Razavipoor, T., and Sharifi, M. (2003). Comparison of several water management in rice fields of Guilan province. Proceedings of the 11th Conference of the Iranian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, 674 p.(In Farsi).
Zou, J., Huang, Y., Jiang, J., Zheng, X., and Sass, R. L. (2005). A 3-year field measurement of methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice paddies in China: Effects of water regime, crop residue, and fertilizer application. Global biogeochemical cycles, Vol. 19 GB2021, doi:10.1029/2004GB002401, 2005.