بررسی کارایی هماتیت خالص و تثبیت‌شده با سدیم کربوکسی متیل سلولز در پالایش خاک آلوده به نیکل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 استاد، گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

3 استادیار، بخش تحقیقات خاک و آب، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، تبریز، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه علوم محیط زیست، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

جذب سطحی فلزات سنگین به­وسیله اکسیدهای فلزی به­عنوان یک روش مؤثر برای کاهش اثرات سوء فلزات سـنگین مورد استفاده قرار می­گیرد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه میزان تأثیر هماتیت خالص و تثبیت­شده با سدیم کربوکسی متیل سلولز (Na-CMC) بر غیرمتحرک کردن نیکل و بررسی اثر این جاذب­ها بر شکل­های مختلف این فلز در خاک­ انجام گرفته است. بدین­منظور یک آزمایش فاکتوریل با دو فاکتور نوع و مقدار جاذب (دو نوع جاذب شامل هماتیت خالص (H) و تثبیت­شده با Na-CMC (H-CMC) هر یک در چهار مقدار (صفر، 25/0، 5/0 و یک درصد) و غلظت­های مختلف نیکل (25، 75، 125، 175 و 325 میلی­گرم بر کیلوگرم) در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که کاربرد جاذب­ها در خاک باعث کاهش غلظت نیکل قابل استخراج با DTPA (Ni-DTPA) و MgCl2 (Ni-MgCl2) گردید. با افزایش مقدار جاذب از 25/0 به 5/0 درصد، غلظت Ni-DTPA و Ni-MgCl2کاهش و با افزایش از 5/0 به 1 درصد، غلظت افزایش یافت. میزان کاهش غلظت Ni-DTPA با کاربرد 25/0، 5/0 و یک درصد هماتیت خالص، به­ترتیب برابر 11، 9/13 و 63/9 درصد و با کاربرد هماتیت تثبیت­شده با Na-CMC به­ترتیب برابر 7/23، 9/35 و 3/20 درصد نسبت به تیمار شاهد بود. همچنین نتایج نشان داد، بین تیمارهای دارای هماتیت خالص و تثبیت­شده با Na-CMC نیز از لحاظ غلظت Ni-DTPA و Ni-MgCl2 اختلاف معنی­دار وجود داشت، به­طوری که تثبیت با Na-CMC باعث افزایش کارایی هماتیت در جذب نیکل گردید. نتایج عصاره­گیری متوالی در سطح آلودگی 175 میلی­گرم نیکل بر کیلوگرم خاک نشان داد که کاربرد جاذب به­طور معنی­داری شکل­های محلول+ تبادلی، کربناتی را در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد کاهش و شکل متصل به اکسیدهای آهن و منگنز را افزایش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Potential of Non-stabilized and Na-carboxymethylcellulose-Stabilized Hematite in Remediation of Ni-contaminated Soil

نویسندگان [English]

  • Solmaz Bidast 1
  • Ahmad Golchin 2
  • Ahmad bybordi 3
  • Abbasali Zamani 4
1 PhD Student, Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
2 Prof., Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
3 Assistant Prof., Soil and Water Research Department, East Azerbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Tabriz, Iran
4 Associate prof. Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Adsorption of heavy metals by metal oxides is an effective method that is using to reduce the effects of heavy metals in recent years. The aims of this research were to compare the effects of non-stabilized and Na-carboxymethylcellulose (Na-CMC)-stabilized hematite on the immobilization of nickel and to investigate the effects of these amendments on different chemical forms of this metal in soil. For this purpose, a factorial experiment was conducted using a completely randomized design. The experimental factors were types and dosages of adsorbents (two types of adsorbents including non-stabilized and Na-CMC-stabilized hematite in four levels, including 0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1%) and the levels of soil total Ni (25, 75, 125, 175 and 325 mg kg-1). The results showed that the application of adsorbents to the soil decreased the concentration of Ni extracted by DTPA (Ni-DTPA) and MgCl2 (Ni-MgCl2). The concentrations of Ni-DTPA and Ni-MgCl2 decreased as the amount of adsorbent amount increased from 0.25 to 0.5%, but they increased as the amount of adsorbent increased from 0.5 to 1%. The reduction concentration rate of Ni-DTPA by application of 0.25, 0.5 and 1% non-stabilized hematite were 11, 13.9 and 9.63%, and by Na-CMC-stabilized hematite were 23.7, 35.9 and 20.3%, respectively, as compared to the control treatment. The results also showed that there were significant differences between Ni-DTPA and Ni-MgCl2 concentration in the non-stabilized and Na-CMC-stabilized hematite treatments. The results of sequential extraction in treatment with 175 mg Ni kg-1 soil showed that the adsorbent application significantly reduced soluble + exchangeable, carbonate forms of Ni, and increased the form associated with iron and manganese oxides compared to the control treatment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Hematite
  • Na-carboxymethylcellulose
  • nickel
  • Sequential extraction
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